Physical rehabilitationRehabilitation is he process and outcome of rehabilitating. This verb refers to re-enable, reset, or recover something. It physical, for its part, is associated with bodily or what material.

The idea of physical rehabilitation is linked to treatment that develops a person in order to regain condition or status that you lost due to an illness or other type of health disorder.

According to World Health Organization (who), rehabilitation seeks restitution of the capabilities of a disabled patient. The purpose is for the person to have an autonomous life, depending to the least degree possible on others.

Physical rehabilitation, in a nutshell, aims at body functionality. Rehabilitation tasks aim for the individual to improve their mobility and physical abilities through exercises, massages and others. techniques.

Injuries affecting the muscles, the ligaments, the tendons, the joints and the bones they usually require a physical rehabilitation that allows to recover the strength of the components and the balance in the relationship between them. A degenerative disease or a traumatic event can cause this type of injury and demand rehabilitation.

Suppose a person collides with his car and suffers the fracture of a bone of his left leg. After a surgical intervention, the individual must receive a physical rehabilitation treatment by a specialist, to be able to walk again and then, little by little, to resume their normal life without restrictions.

There are various types of physical rehabilitation, which differ largely in the techniques and tools used, as varied as the application of electricity, heat or cold. Let’s see some of them below.

Electrotherapy

Physical rehabilitationIt is a branch of physiotherapy that appeals to the generation of physical stimuli through an electrical current to obtain a physiological response that provides the patient with a therapeutic effect. For this, several different equipment can be used, among which the following three stand out:

* therapeutic ultrasound: this device is commonly known as ultrasound and allows the emission of sound waves of between 1 and 3 MHz (which are considered high frequency), with the aim of generating heat in the depths of the tissues and treating certain problems that prevent the proper functioning of muscles and bones ;

* transcutaneous nerve stimulation: the name by which this technique is usually mentioned is TENS and consists of the stimulation of a structure nervous system in particular through electrodes that are fixed to the body and connected to a generator, which allows the duration, frequency and intensity of the electrical impulses to be adjusted. It is used to treat painful scars, low back pain and herpes, among many other disorders;

* electroacupuncture: consists of the application of micro-current to stimulate certain points known as meridians, through which the correction of energy imbalances present in the body. It is especially effective in pathologies that do not present a physical injury, such as migraine and sciatica.

Thermotherapy

It is a discipline which consists of applying heat through conduction, convection or radiation, with methods as diverse as the application of paraffin and infrared radiation, both on the surface and at the deep level of the tissues. Among its most prominent benefits are pain relief, increased blood flow and lower blood pressure.

Cryotherapy

Almost in the opposite way to thermotherapy, cryotherapy relies on the application of cold to obtain therapeutic effects. The systems used are also many, as well as the Benefits for the patient, among which are the reduction of pain, the reabsorption of edema, the reduction of inflammation and the increase of muscle tone.