The methodical reflection that reflects the articulation of knowledge and the limits of existence and modes of being is called philosophy. The term, of Greek origin, is made up of two words: philos (“love”) and sophia (“Thought, wisdom, knowledge”). Therefore, the philosophy is he “Love of knowledge”.
The philosopher, for his part, is an individual who seeks knowledge for its own sake, without a pragmatic purpose. He is moved by curiosity and inquires about the latest foundations of reality. Beyond the development of philosophy as discipline, the act of philosophizing is intrinsic to the human condition. It is not a concrete knowledge, but a natural attitude of man in relation to the universe and his own being.
Comparison with religion and science
like the religion, philosophy focuses on the ultimate questions of human existence. Instead, unlike religion, it is not based on divine revelation or faith, but rather on the reason. In this way, philosophy can be defined as the rational analysis of the meaning of human existence, both individual and collective, based on the understanding of being. Despite certain similarities with the science, philosophy distances itself from it since many of its questions cannot be answered by means of experimental empiricism.
Philosophy can be divided into various branches. The philosophy of being, for example, encompasses the metaphysics, the ontology and the cosmology, among other disciplines. The philosophy of knowledge includes the logic and the epistemology, while the philosophy of work is related to issues such as ethics.
Philosophy in Ancient Greece
In Ancient Greece is where the aforementioned philosophy emerged for the first time. Specifically, it appeared at the beginning of the 6th century BC in the part of Ionia, which is located in Asia. A time and a place that undoubtedly marked this branch of knowledge, since some fundamental events took place there.
Specifically, among these culminating points, it must be emphasized that we would find the establishment of four periods such as the pre-Socratic philosophy, the sophists, the Attic and the post-Aristotelian.
All of them stages where great thinkers who are currently being studied and who have become basic pillars in the history of philosophy will take center stage. This would be, for example, the case of Plato, who was a follower of Socrates and stood out for making numerous works where he placed special emphasis on the theory of ideas and forms.
Specifically, what he determined with that one is that each idea is immutable and unique and that the beings of what is the sensible world are characterized by being imperfect and deficient. Issues all of them that acquired great value among philosophy as did his well-known myth of the cave where he analyzes in depth the difference between reality and knowledge.
In addition to this thinker, Aristotle, who was a disciple of the previous one, is also fundamental within this branch that concerns us. A figure who is considered, among other things, the father of Logic.