The idea from philippic comes from latin Philippĭca, which alludes to a speech about Philip. This is linked to the proclamations of Demosthenes against the king Philip II of Macedonia.
A damning harangue
A philippic is a dissertation or one address what turns out violent against something or someone. It is a invective: a condemnatory harangue.
Before proceeding further with the concept, it is important to delve into the historical origin of the term to fully understand its meaning. In this framework, it is worth mentioning that Demosthenes (384 BC – 322 BC) was a prominent Athenian politician and orator, while Philip II of Macedon (382 BC – 336 BC) – father of Alexander the Great– was a powerful monarch.
As Philip II of Macedon began to accumulate can, Demosthenes began to make public criticism when considering that this situation put at risk Athens and the rest of the city-states of Greece. The First philippic was written between 351 a. C. and 350 B.C. to warn the Athenians of danger and incite them to resist.
Then there was a Second philippic and one Third philippic. In all of them, Demosthenes tried to contain the advance of Philip II of Macedon and promoted a confrontation against the army of this king.
In today’s language
Returning to the current use of philippic, it can be said that it refers to contents or posts including strong criticism. For instance: “In his philippic against the president, the opposition deputy emphasized the presumed authoritarianism of the president”, “After a filípica of almost two hours against the coach, the footballer announced his resignation from the national team”, “I do not like the government filipica against the media, I think it affects freedom of expression”.
In this framework we must mention the expression take a philippic, which is used to censor or reprimand a person in a vehement, sour and severe way. A more vulgar or common way of saying the same is throw a fight, and this is usually done by parents to instruct their children as a result of their bad behavior. For a person to get to throw a philippic to another, the cause or the trigger must be very serious.
Returning to the above examples, the deputy who speaks out against the head of government has a message of great relevance for the country, since he accuses whoever directs him of having an authoritarian treatment, something that opposes the freedom of the people. The second tells us about the deep dissatisfaction you feel a soccer player, which is why he emits a speech extensive and forceful addressed to his coach to announce that he will no longer be part of the selected team, taking the opportunity to complain and claim.
Finally comes an example that may be more or less familiar depending on our geographical location. The sender expresses his displeasure with the fact that the government attacks the mass media, pushing them to shut up certain things and embellish others, depriving them of their deserved freedom of expression. expression. This verbal violence against journalists is represented in the sentence as a “governmental philippics.”
The speeches that Cicero issued against Marco Antonio they are also known under the name of philippics. These fourteen sermons were characterized by being charged with fury, and he delivered them after the death of Cease, when he began to feel a strong rivalry against Marco Antonio as part of the resulting power struggle.
It is important to mention that these philippics issued by Cicero, considered the speaker Roman par excellence, they did not give him the results he expected. Marco Antonio sent a group of mercenaries to take his life, a fact that took place in the year 43 BC. C.