The concept of phenomenology has various uses in the field of philosophy. The first meaning mentioned by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in his dictionary alludes to the theory of phenomena.
A phenomenon, in this framework, is what a subject perceive and that therefore appears in your conscience. Phenomenology is understood to be the establishment of relationships between various empirical observations that allow generating knowledge in tune with a theory.
Phenomenology, in this case, is halfway between the theories and the experiments. It does not derive from theories directly, although it is consistent with them, and in turn presents a higher level of abstraction than experiments.
It is known as phenomenology, on the other hand, a method that the German devised Edmund husserl to access the essence of the entities through their description. In order to HusserlBy describing what is available through intuition, it is possible to capture its essence, which goes beyond consciousness itself.
The phenomenology of Husserl, known as transcendental phenomenology, seeks to expose how reality is presented in the subjectivity of people. For this, it aims to discover and detail what its essential structures are.
The notion of phenomenology also appears in the construction site from another German philosopher: Friedrich Hegel. According to Hegel, phenomenology is the spiritual dialectic that makes it possible to achieve absolute knowledge starting from sensible knowledge.
This phenomenology supposes that, knowing the phenomena in full, one can build a conscience of the absolute truth. In fact, Hegel presented the foundations of the absolute idealism in a job titled “Phenomenology of the spirit”.