Pronoun is a term that comes, etymologically speaking, from Latin. More exactly it emanates from the sum of two Latin particles: the prefix “pro-“, which is equivalent to “before”, and the noun “nomen”, which can be translated as “name”.
Personal, on the other hand, we can establish that it is a word that is also the result of the derivation of the Latin term “personalis”. This is made up of two components: “person”, which is synonymous with “person”, and the suffix “-al”, which comes to mean “relative to”.
Pronoun it is a type of word without a fixed referent. Pronouns are determined according to the relationship they establish with other words that have already been named, being able to refer to persons or extralinguistic things.
The personal pronouns They are that usually refer to people, animals or objects and that they have no lexical content. These pronouns express various grammatical categories, the most common being those that indicate the grammatical person. Personal pronouns can also distinguish the grammar number (singular or plural).
“Me”, “U.S”, “he”, “your” and “you guys” are examples of personal pronouns. The expression “I am a lawyer and I work in a law firm in the center” makes sense depending on the person speaking the phrase. The personal pronoun “me” indicates that the person making said comment is “attorney”.
If a person wants to comment that another subject is “attorney” will have to say, depending on the context, “He is a lawyer”, “You are a lawyer”, etc. Another possibility is that the speaker is “attorney” and who wants to include another colleague in his expression. In that case, you can express “We are lawyers”, equivalent to “He and I are lawyers”.
There are other data of interest that are also worth knowing about personal pronouns. Specifically, these are the most significant specifications:
• From the first person, there is the I in the singular as well as the we or the we in the plural.
• Regarding the second person, there are the you for the singular and for the plural two forms: you and you.
• In reference to the third person, we should highlight the existence of four different forms for the singular: he, she, it and you. For the plural, on the other hand, there are three modalities: they, they and you.
• The personal pronoun is used specifically in cases where you want to make clear who the subject is and also when you want to emphasize who the subject would be.
• In the same way, in a generalized way, when talking about a group of people, it is usual to use the masculine form of the pronoun to refer to it and only use the feminine form when all the members of the group are women.
Personal pronouns can also indicate possession (What “Own” or “yours”) or verbal objects (“I”, “it”): “Don’t worry, Carlos already told me”, “Is that car yours?”, “Leave that notebook that is mine”, “A cousin of his is a professional footballer and plays in Austria”, “We go to my house to do natural science work and then we have the afternoon off”, “I like your jacket”.