Pentecost is a term that comes from Latin Pentecost, although its more remote origins lead us to a Greek word that can be translated as “fiftieth”. The concept is used to name the party celebrated by the church Catholic on the fiftieth day following the Easter, which is located between the May 10 and the June 13th. This festival is consecrated to the Coming of the Holy Spirit.
Pentecost is also the feast that the Jews instituted in memory of the law that God gave in mount sinai, which was celebrated fifty days after the Passover of the Lamb.
This Jewish holiday, called Shavuot, commemorates the delivery of the commandments to the people of Israel. This derived in the Christian liturgy which is among the most important festivals of this religion, behind the Easter and of the Christmas.
In the Christian case, Pentecost It is the celebration that ends the Easter season. This occasion allows us to celebrate the arrival of Holy Spirit and the beginning of the activity of the church.
Certain books of the Bible attribute miraculous characteristics to Holy Spirit, which provides courage and encourages understanding. Some Orthodox churches celebrate, next to Pentecost, the party of the Holy Trinity or the Three Divine Persons (Father, Son and Holy Spirit).
Germany, Belgium, France, Holland, Norway Y Swiss are some of the countries where the day after Pentecost it is festive. This also occurs in several autonomous communities of Spain, like in Catalonia.
Differences between Christian and Jewish Pentecost
According to Christian belief, the day that the Holy Spirit (third person of the Holy Trinity) settled on the apostles, they were completely transformed: they went from staying in the shadows for fear of being murdered to being seen in full light of the day preaching the teachings received from the mouth of Jesus. As the Bible describes it, that day a few leagues of fire descended on them that illuminated them deeply, giving them the gift of sharing what they knew and felt without any type of barrier: it is believed that they could speak multiple languages and understand perfectly with anyone.
This solemnity belongs to one of the mobile church feasts; This means that it does not have a specific day on the calendar but that it celebrates on a variable date depending on the current liturgical year.
In the case of the Jewish religion, Pentecost is also called Shavuot and it has a religious meaning and another linked to nature and the world of agriculture: it is a date that is celebrated at the time of year when the fruits were formerly harvested. This explanation has achieved that for many years this day is known as the day of the Feast of Firstfruits; For a long time the first crops were brought as an offering to God to the Temple of Jerusalem, in this way the farmers thanked the rains and God’s providence to take care of them and their work.
In this case the festival consists of two non-working days dedicated exclusively to recollection and approach to God. During the first night the devotees gather in the temple and stay up all night studying the Torah. In the most orthodox communities (Sephardic and Hasidic) a text from the Tanakh is recited in public. The rest of the faithful can read some texts from the Talmudo and Halacha in the gathering of their home. All these are sacred texts that belong to the Jewish liturgy and that to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the degree of devotion of each religious, they must be strictly fulfilled and respected as an immovable truth.