Patina is a concept derived from patina, a Latin word that can be translated as “plate”. The notion refers to a kind of varnish that, from the humidity, is created on certain surfaces and covers them. Its etymological origin is due to the varnish that covered the dishes in ancient times.
The patina, therefore, can be a certain varnish or any cap covering something. For instance: “With this patina, the table will be more protected and the wood will remain intact for longer”, “The work is not ready yet: it still lacks a varnish patina”, “You can’t even see the original color of the floor: a patina of dust and dirt covers the surface”.
In the case of copper and some of its alloys, the patina arises naturally with the passage of weather due to corrosion of the material. The metal, from the action of various environmental components, gradually returns to its natural mineral condition. In this process, a kind of film of salts is formed which is known as a patina.
In the engines, patina is a combination of oxides that is used to protect the commutator or collector.
If the term is accentuated in the «I» (patina), it is a conjugation of verb rollerblading (moving on the ground due to slippery conditions or thanks to the use of wheels): “Look how Lucrecia skates!”, “The track where the Olympic athlete skates will remain closed for two months for spare parts”.
How to skate a piece of furniture
Patina can be applied to furniture after it has been built to enhance its appearance, giving it softness while making it look older, something that many people find very attractive to look at. It is worth mentioning that patinated is used for both wood and forging or iron, among other materials.
Another objective of applying patina to a piece of furniture is to highlight its moldings and carvings through the darkening of the recesses and of the illumination of the projections; this enriches the textures regardless of the quality of the base material. Also, the patina helps to hide defects and imperfections, both in the material and the work.
To carry out the patina of a piece of furniture, a measure of linseed oil is needed for every three of turpentine or turpentine, which forms a liquid called icing, which serves to dissolve the other of the elements on the list: earth pigment or oil of the colour wanted.
When choosing the color, special attention should be paid, since the ideal is that it contrast with the finish; For example, for furniture that has already been painted, a shade of oil similar to the original but slightly darker. In addition, so that the patina does not carry the paint or varnish, it is essential that the furniture is completely dry.
The steps to apply the patina are as follows:
* mix the material color (earth or oil pigment) with linseed oil and dilute it with turpentine or turpentine to achieve a lighter consistency;
* use a soft brush to spread the mixture over the furniture. If the surface is very large, it is advisable to work in parts;
* to achieve a look of aging naturalIt is advisable to give more hands on the moldings and recesses;
* remove excess patina using a clean cotton cloth, mainly on flat regions;
* use a dry brush to achieve a smudging effect by spreading the patina towards the corners;
* let dry.