In the Greek is where the etymological origin of the term is found pathological, since it comes from the sum of several elements of that language:
– “Duck”, which can be translated as “disease” or “suffering”.
-The noun “logos”, which is synonymous with “study”.
-The suffix “-ico”, which is used to indicate “relative to”.
Notion of pathological
Pathological is an adjective that refers to what is linked to a pathology. This term, for its part, names the set of symptoms that are associated with a certain ailment and the specialty of medicine oriented to diseases.
The pathological, therefore, can be about what becomes a disease. Suppose a person has a habit of going to the casino to gamble. When this behavior is repeated in an insistent and impulsive way, the subject’s behavior will have become pathological and it can be said that the individual is a compulsive gambler (addicted to the game).
A kind of fear
In addition to all the above, we could underline, for example, the existence of what is known as pathological fear. This is a term that is used to refer to phobias, to fears that exceed a threshold that cause the person in question not only to block but also to become unable to react according to what is happening. Hence, that individual may experience an absolute sense of panic.
This type of fear can be caused by a myriad of causes, including the following:
-The experiences lived that, in an irremediable way, have left a deep mark on the person.
-The models they have had or have in their environment.
In the same way, it must be clear that in order to overcome pathological fears it is necessary to go to a psychology professional who offers the necessary help. Specifically, it is considered that this type of assistance should be chosen in the following cases:
-When fear prevents other ideas or thoughts from appearing that have nothing to do with it.
-When the person does not learn from their own experiences.
-When it is considered that there is no way out.
It is possible to understand a disease as a pathological process. This process implies an etiological origin, a response to this cause known as pathogenesis, certain physiological alterations derived from the reaction and a clinical expression (with changes in the structure of the cells or other alterations). The pathological analysis It is developed from observations and analysis in the laboratory.
The specialization of medicine dedicated to investigating the origin, development and effects of a disease is called pathological anatomy. What the expert in this branch does is interpret the abnormalities or the symptom found after checking the patient.
Thus, the pathological anatomy must provide information when a lesion is found in a organ or in a tissue of a person. For this, it develops an analysis at various levels (from macroscopic to microscopic) and offers a diagnosis based on the information collected and interpreted.