The waste are waste, garbage or remains that are useless. Pathological, for its part, is an adjective that is linked to a pathology (the group of symptoms that characterize a disease or the specialty of medicine focused on the analysis of diseases).
It is called pathological residues to those who are potentially infectious. In other words: it is waste capable of producing a disease infectious in the body.
Pathological residues harbor pathogenic microorganisms that, when they come into contact with a potential host (such as a human being), they can infect you and make you sick.
Also known as pathogenic residues, these wastes are usually generated in the hospital environment. Gloves used by nurses, syringes used to administer vaccines, gauze stained with blood and even the remains of organs are pathological waste.
Due to its characteristics, pathological residues imply a risk for the Health; that’s why they must be treated with special care. These wastes cannot be thrown into a landfill in the same way as other kinds of wastes, as they could lead to infection.
There are various types of treatment for pathological waste. According to its characteristics, you can appeal to the use of microwave oven, to disinfection with chemicals or to incineration. In any case, before final disposal, pathological waste must be stored in special bags and containers to avoid contamination. contamination. In fact, the management of these wastes is usually regulated by specific rules and laws.
Within the facilities in which a certain pathological waste is generated, its transport must be adequately regulated, as well as its handling, to prevent workers from being exposed to pathogens. It’s important pointing that risks exist in each of the phases of waste management: from its unloading and collection, to its transfer within the building, its storage and subsequent treatment that they receive locally, without neglecting the eventual transport abroad.
Some of the risks that entails the handling of pathological waste are the following: exposure to pathogens through ingestion (for example, if the person who came into contact with them does not wash their hands properly before eating or smoking) or inhalation (in case of dealing with aerosols or powders); wounds on the skin, such as a cut or puncture.
Broadly speaking, it is advisable to follow the following tips to ensure that these risks are minimized:
* properly and carefully pack pathological waste;
* protect packaging and the environment in which it is transported from potential damage that puts waste into Contact with the outside;
* avoid any type of contact with the body, for which it is possible to use gloves, masks, aprons and glasses, among other elements specifically designed to protect ourselves from pathogens of this type;
* organize the manipulation in such a way that it is condensed into the least amount of sessions and time possible;
* Similar to the previous point, entrust this task to the smallest possible number of people;
* count on security measures and personnel to deal with emergenciessuch as hazardous material spills or accidents.
It is important to note that handling Disposal of pathological waste is an extremely delicate task, which is why the quality of the materials used for this purpose should never be spared, nor the rigidity of the security measures. A very common mistake, which usually leads to various accidents, is the use of inappropriate containers and containers, either because they were not designed for the type of waste to be treated or because they do not meet the minimum quality and resistance requirements.