It is known as parnasianism to one poetic current that arose in the middle of XIX century on France. This movement is based on the search for perfection of forms, thus opposing the pillars of the Romanticism.
While romantic authors like Alphonse de Lamartine, Alexandre dumas (father and son) and Victor Hugo they were oriented to feelings Yet the creative freedom, Parnassianism bet on the depersonalization.
The notion of Parnassianism comes from mount Parnassus, where according to the mythology live the muses. The group was consolidated through the three issues that were published of the magazine Le Parnasse Contemporain, which presented works by Leconte de Lisle, Sully prudhomme, Théodore de Banville and Jose Maria of Heredia, among others.
Those who made up Parnassianism believed in the art for art. They did not consider that the artistic should be useful, but only attributed the objective of producing aesthetic enjoyment. On the other hand, they rejected the political militancy and social commitment of the authors when it was reflected in their works.
Parnassianism, moreover, promoted a poetry distanced from the self. Its premise indicated that the poetic creations should not present the feelings of the writer, but had to exhibit exotic or beautiful themes. The content and the form, on the other hand, had to go hand in hand, with special care of the metrics.
It is important to mention that, according to specialists in literary matters, great referents of the symbolism they started out as Parnassians. That is the case of Stéphane Mallarmé, Paul verlaine and Baudelaire talks, for instance.