The notion of government regime makes it possible to refer to how the different powers of the Condition. In the set of democratic regimes (based on popular participation when making decisions related to the public question), can be found at parliamentary regime.
In this regime, the Legislative power (represented by the Parliament) chooses who will exercise the Executive power (government). In this kind of system, the goverment’s head or Prime Minister is not the same as him head of state: the first chairs the Executive power, while the second can be a monarch who agreed to his condition in a hereditary way or a representative selected by the Parliament.
The population elects the members of the Parliament and then parliamentarians vote for goverment’s head. Different is the case of presidential regime, in which people vote directly for the leader of the Executive power (President).
Those who defend the parliamentary regime emphasize that, as various political parties enter the Parliament, the decisions have a high social consensus. The goverment’s head You must even answer to the Parliament, which implies a greater participation in the active policy that directs the destinies of a country.
Currently in the parliamentary regime, a Prime Minister, who governs alongside his cabinet, and a head of state, which acts as a mediator and has very specific powers. The Executive power and the Legislative powerMeanwhile, they interact according to what is established by the Constitution: usually the Parliament can remove the Prime Minister and it can dissolve the Parliament on extraordinary occasions.
To better understand this concept, we will see some real examples of countries that adopted the parliamentary regime. First of all, we can talk about Eastern Europe, where the concentration largest of this type of government, more specifically in the following countries: Bosnia, Albania, Estonia, Croatia, Latvia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia.
In western Europe we also find countries with a parliamentary regime; such is the case of Italy, Greece, Austria, Germany, Malta, Portugal and Moldova, and many of them are also unitary states. In a unitary state, there is an organization that has a central government that delegates certain minor powers to administrative branches.
Moving on to Southeast AsiaThere are Bangladesh and East Timor, two countries that have a parliamentary regime. We cannot leave out of this list India, which has the second place in number of inhabitants worldwide, after China. Pakistan, Lebanon, Iraq and Israel are other countries with parliamentary governments, in this case, in the Middle East. Lebanon has a particular situation, as it also holds a system called Confessionalism, which allows the distribution of power among the various religious groups in the country.
Already in the African continent, we have three countries with a parliamentary regime: Ethiopia, Mauritius and Cape Verde, although the latter two are in territories insular. Mauritius adopted this type of government in 1968, when it became independent from the United Kingdom, while Cape Verde did so more recently, in 1980.
It is important to note that the parliamentary regime is present in other parts of the world, although not as densely as in those mentioned above. For example in the south pacific there is samoa, a nation located 500 kilometers from Fiji. There are also Dominica, and Trinidad and Tobago, two countries that have been under this regime for some decades; the first adopted it in 1979, with its Reform, and the second, after becoming independent from the United Kingdom in 1976.