Pantheon It is a word that has its origin in the Latin word Panthĕon, as the temple was called that, in the Ancient Rome, was dedicated to all gods. Hence, today, the concept is used to name a funerary monument where several are buried people, although it can also be used as a synonym for graveyard in some nations.
It is worth mentioning that, due to its original meaning, pantheon is usually associated with the so-called Pantheon of Agrippa, a temple of circular appearance located in Rome and that is known, simply, as The pantheon. This construction was inaugurated in the year 27 BC and renewed between 123 Y 125.
La Rotonda is also known as this mentioned pantheon that is visited annually by many tourists who do not miss the opportunity to admire it in situ. Specifically, among its most significant elements or aspects are the dome, hemispherical that has an oculus of 9 meters in diameter, or the pronaos, characterized by its eight columns.
The A Paris pantheon, for its part, is a monument located in the Latin Quarter. Its construction began in 1764 and currently houses the remains of personalities such as Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Jean Jaures Y Emile zola.
This aforementioned Parisian monument is characterized, among other things, by the fact that it was one of the first neoclassical buildings in the country. And all this without forgetting that in addition to the aforementioned characters also rest in him other important figures in world history such as the chemist Marie Curie, Louis Braille who invented the reading system for the blind that bears his name, or the politician Jean Jaurés.
Madrid, for its part, has the Pantheon of Illustrious Men, a edifice Neo-Byzantine style located in the district of Retirement, and the Pantheon of the Kings, which is kept in the Monastery of El Escorial.
In the aforementioned first Madrid pantheon, it should be noted that there are the remains of great figures in Spanish history such as, for example, the politicians José Canalejas, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta or Antonio Cánovas del Castillo. The funerary monuments that are established in their tombs are praised for the artistic beauty they possess as well as the value of the well-known Monument to Freedom, which is the Joint Mausoleum of the sculptors Sabino Medina, Ponciano Ponzano and Federico Aparici.
The National Pantheon of Venezuela on Caracas (build in 1874) and the one baptized as National Pantheon of Heroes (located in the Paraguayan city of Assumption) are other monuments of this type.
In the heart of the Uruguayan capital is where this mentioned pantheon is located, which is considered an authentic artistic jewel due to the wealth and value it possesses from both an architectural and cultural point of view.
As a synonym for cemetery, the term pantheon is used in Mexico and in other American countries. For example: “The silence of the pantheon makes me nervous”, “They say that strange things happen at night in the pantheon”.
Pantheon, finally, may be the set of all the gods of a mythology or of a religion and the set of the highest figures of a discipline: “Emanuel Ginobili has already entered the pantheon of sports idols in Argentina”.