The idea of paideía (or paideia) was used in the Ancient Greece to allude to the training of children. Through the paideía it was sought transmit technical knowledge and values so that each individual could successfully integrate into the society and fulfill their civic duties.
The paideía did not focus on a specialization on specific subjects, but pointed to a integral formation, covering everything that at the time was considered relevant and necessary. That is why I contemplated the instruction on philosophy, math, grammar and gymnastics, for instance.
It is important to bear in mind that in the Greek polis there were citizens who spent their days intervening in civic affairs. In this way the aristocracy gave a special importance to the domain of the tongue and oral expression.
It can be said that paideía was the educational process controlled by the State so that the children of the proprietary and free families received the training that was considered valuable to actively join the community. In some cases, the paideía reached the children of the slaves, although sponsored by the owner of the parents of the enslaved subject.
Philologist Werner Wilhelm Jaeger (1888–1961) is noted as one of the great scholars of the notion of paideia. According to this expert, the concept does not coincide exactly with the current meanings of ideas such as literacy, culture or education, but integrates different edges of all of them.
It is possible to affirm that paideía, in this framework, was a way of understanding the education as a process that sought to form virtuous citizens and fit for participation in the civic life of the polis.