It is called overpopulation to excessive number of individuals present in a certain space. The phenomenon causes various imbalances in the environment and it can affect habitat conditions.
Regarding the human overpopulation, is linked to a very high rate of population density: that is, many live persons in a territorial area that is reduced to accommodate so many people. Overpopulation affects the quality of life and generates problems in the environment, putting sustainability or sustainability at risk.
Let’s look at a simplified example to understand what overpopulation is. Suppose that, in a country that produces and imports food for 1,000 people, they live 3,000 individuals. Overcrowding, in this case, means that many people will have trouble accessing food. On the other hand, the individuals living in the area are likely to generate a quantity of waste greater than the level that the locality can assimilate and process. Over time, in this way, overpopulation causes malnourished citizens and increases pollution.
To understand what overpopulation is, you have to know that means of a territory are limited and you can only withstand or tolerate a certain “Pressure” or “load”. An excessive level of population means that resources become insufficient to satisfy the needs of all people and that the territory is no longer in a position to achieve the renewal of these resources.
There are countries that, to avoid overpopulation, appeal to different politics from birth control, limiting the number of births and preventing people from reproducing freely. Although human beings consider that animals are inferior to us, they know how to control their births without help from anyone, without depending on an imposition, while we can reach unsustainable extremes of poverty and pollution and not even be able to make the decision. to stop reproducing.
In case of india It is one of the most resonated worldwide. By 2015 he had the objective of reducing his birth rate, but he did not succeed; only half of its states managed to reduce the number of children per mother to two, while in the largest and worst-off states economicalLike Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, women go through an average of four deliveries in their lifetime.
Seen from another perspective, if the situation in India does not improve in terms of overpopulation, by the year 2030 it will have become the country with the largest number of inhabitants in the world, leaving China in second place, which is always taken as a point of reference when talking about this problem. As mentioned in previous paragraphs, overpopulation carries a series of consequences that go beyond simple excess of people, such as pollution and load excessive for social services.
One of the most controversial measures to combat overpopulation is the sterilization, something that shows our lack of control and social conscience. It is difficult to understand the level of disconnection that so many people have with their planet, the lack of sensitivity and good sense that leads them to reproduce in an excessive way and that forces the authorities to devise such definitive and unnatural plans as altering the organism of their population.
The sexism, always reigning, is reflected in the alarming proportion of women and men who have undergone sterilization in India: 37% vs. 1%. As if this were not enough, given that the State offers financial incentives to clinics if they carry out a certain number of interventions per day, many women are deceived and operated against their will, especially the poor and illiterate.