Organic materialSay those who are in charge of analyzing the properties and features of matter than that of organic type is formed from waste of animal or plant origin. These are substances that are usually distributed throughout the soil and that help its fertility. In fact, for a soil to be suitable for agricultural production, it must have a good level of organic matter; otherwise the plants could not grow.

Various microorganisms are responsible for decomposing raw organic matter and converting it into humus. A soil with the presence of humus does not lose nutrients, it has a high retention capacity of Water and contributes to improving biological, chemical and physical conditions.

It is interesting to mention that organic matter is one of the most abundant components of household waste. The remains of mealFruit peels, leaves collected from the garden, and dirty diapers, for example, are made up of organic matter.

One way to take advantage of this waste is to reserve the organic matter to fertilize the house plants. Of course, for this purpose, it is essential that there is no type of contamination.

The organic compounds (also known as organic molecules) are, on the other hand, groups formed by a series of chemical substances where the presence of carbon is noticed and, in some cases, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus, to name a few of the possible elements.

These organic compounds can be divided into two main types: natural organic molecules (where living beings are responsible for carrying out the synthesis process) and character artificial (where those substances that have been manufactured by man, such as plastic, are grouped).

In general, the difference between organic and inorganic compounds is given by the presence of carbon with hydrogen bonds in the first group.

Ecological farms and recycling of organic matter

Organic materialThe rise of organic farms, in recent years, has helped the dissemination of the importance of recycling organic matter and take advantage of it in crops. In most establishments where food is produced in a climate of respect for the environment, the remains of waste from living beings are used to make compost, which later will serve to reinforce the characteristics of the earth.

It is necessary to bear in mind that this type of use can not only occur in large establishments, but also in private homes. The steps to follow to handle waste from organic matter are:

1) Accumulate the remains of products derived from living beings in a space clean of other impurities such as plastics, glass or inorganic matter of any kind. It is important not to mix food scraps with fat or oil and remains of meat, because they take a long time to decompose;

2) Allocate a bucket with a lid, that has a minimum capacity of 1m3, and place it in an area of ​​the garden where it has sun and shade throughout the day;

3) Place a layer of soil or sawdust of about 6cms in the bottom of the bucket;

4) Spread organic waste, cover them with a layer of Earth and water them a little (it is necessary to always keep the humidity). Then, sprinkle the interior with lime to prevent odors and cover the bucket again;

5) Every time new waste is dumped it must be stirred the inside with a rod, so that all materials are ventilated.

After some time, from about a month on, the waste will no longer be individually distinguishable, except for those that have been recently deposited. The result is what is known by the name of compost and it is considered an extremely rich compost for the earth; with a wide variety of microorganisms that are responsible for synthesizing enzymes, vitamins and hormones and that significantly collaborate with the Balance biotic of the earth.

If most of us compost organic matter from our trash, it could significantly reduce pollution, since the organic remains deposited in the garbage dumps, when heated with the Sun, remove methane gas (CO2), one of the most harmful components for global warming.