A law it is a precept that command or prohibit something in line with the Justice. These are rules dictated by the authorities and that obey certain principles, such as the generality (affect all individuals) and the obligatory (they are imperative), among others.
Organic laws are characterize Mainly because they are necessary, from the constitutional point of view, to regulate some aspect of social life. It is important to point out that they have a different competence from ordinary laws and present some extraordinary requirements, such as the absolute majority at the time of approval.
Its origin dates back to the French constitution of 1958. Although it depends on each national legislation, organic laws are usually seen as a nexus or intermediate stage between ordinary laws and Constitution. The particular characteristics of organic laws require a large parliamentary majority (since they are very sensitive issues for the society) and greater rigidity in regulation (organic laws cannot be modified easily or by the will of a ruler).
These laws, therefore, address the development of public freedoms and fundamental rights. Those countries that admit the existence of organic laws, which stand between the ordinary laws and the Constitution, generally limit their application to a number of well-determined matters. This limit has two reasons:
* to guarantee that the most delicate issues are always regulated through the majority of parliamentary votes;
* ensure that, on the other hand, laws that are more prone to future modifications, given their less static nature, do not require such a strict path to be approved.
In the territory In Spanish, organic laws are related to ordinary laws in a non-hierarchical way, as opposed to the situation that occurs between laws and regulations; is about an organization based on the characteristics of each matter to be regulated, so that the scope of each type of law is limited. This guarantees the analysis of each specific case and the application of the laws that correspond to its nature, and not of those that weigh more. The matters that in Spain must be measured through organic laws are listed below:
* the conception of Rights of a fundamental nature and of the freedom of the community;
* the action of approving or modifying the Statutes of Autonomy;
* any procedure related to the general election regime.
For Chile, organic laws belong to a special section of its laws of the legal system, which has been established in the review of your Constitution in 1980. This category includes a series of topics explicitly detailed in the text itself, which require a majority equivalent to four out of every seven votes by senators and deputies, either for approval, modification or repeal.
In the Dominican Republic, an organic law is conceived to regulate a fundamental right, such as:
* the form and administration of public powers;
* the exercise of functions public;
* the election regime;
* issues related to the economy and finance at the national level;
* decisions that require the preparation of a budget, planning or investment of a public nature;
* the organization of the territory;
* constitutional actions;
* defense and national security.
On Colombian soil, on the other hand, certain issues are also required that must be regulated by organic laws, and revolve around:
* legislative activities;
* to those rules designed to prepare, approve and execute the rental budget;
* any action that affects the approval laws, the national development plan and those that are conceived to assign powers of a normative nature to national organizations.