Omniscient is a term formed by two Latin words that means “Who knows everything”. It is an adjective that allows to name the one who has omniscience, that is know all the reality and even that which enters the field of the possible.
The definition of the concept allows us to infer that God is the only omniscient being. Human beings are not capable of knowing all things since this faculty exceeds the human condition itself. Therefore, when it is said that a person is omniscient, it refers to the fact that he has knowledge of many disciplines or Sciences.
Can be distinguished between two types omniscience: the total omniscience, which consists of knowing everything that can be done (both the real and the potential), and the inherent omniscience, which is the ability to know everything that is possible and desired.
The atheism It is based on the concept of omniscience to point out some of the contradictions implicit in Catholic beliefs, exposing situations that are impossible to solve, even if we endow God with unlimited powers.
On the other hand, yes God were omniscient, the free will would not exist since God would know everything before it happened and, therefore, human beings would be subjected to the predestination. This represents one of the greatest contradictions of the Christian religion.
What is called an omniscient narrator?
In the literature, omniscience is used to explain the possible roles that the storyteller may assume in a story. The omniscient narrator It usually appears in 3rd person and is in a position to describe what the characters feel or think or to explain what is behind the events, without hesitation.
This mode of writing is usually the most chosen by authors, precisely because it allows them to have a great control about history, being able to present the world of fiction in a broad way, giving data to readers that would not be possible with another type of narrator.
In addition to the type just described, there is the narrator:
* Observer: you can only show what you perceive through your senses. This narrator is usually a character from the history or someone who sees it from the outside;
* Protagonist: the story can be written in the first person (a fictional or real autobiography) or in the second person (the protagonist tells the story as if he were talking to himself).
There are many opposing opinions regarding what an omniscient storyteller should be like and how NOT to be. Some people assure that said rapporteur must be absolutely objective, that is to say that the author cannot object to anything that makes reference to his ideas or thoughts. Others prefer to be a little less strict and understand that sometimes it is necessary to make certain clarifications, even if they go beyond what is established by narratology. The truth is that although there are rules, it is best to understand when it is convenient to make such annotations and when not.
It is necessary to be clear about certain concepts related to the construction of a narrator; for example, in a story where it is omniscient, the appearance of certain elements subjective it may clash with the rest of the work. In other cases, these resources can be used to expand the text and take it to another dimension, allowing the reader to identify in a more committed way with the story.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that if an omniscient narrator has been chosen, it is because deep down you want to establish a deep contact with the reader, giving you the opportunity to immerse yourself in our history. Therefore, it is best to thoroughly understand the line narrative and knowing how to use subjectivity when strictly necessary.