Official, from Latin officiālis, is a term with various uses and applications. As an adjective, official is what is of job, that is, it has authenticity and that emanates from a authority. For instance: “The official unemployment rate has reached 9.1% in the third quarter”, “My mom gave me the official Chicago Bulls T-shirt”, “The official premiere of the film will take place on November 26”.
Since the word has a wide range of applications, ranging from popular language to the legal field, we can see it in examples such as those just presented, which have little relationship between them. Of course, the meaning is practically the same in all three cases, but the degree of importance differs: If the unemployment rate were not the true one, that is, if it had been manipulated to deceive the population, it would be a much more serious problem than the falsification of a basketball jersey or a confusion regarding the release date of a movie.
In this framework, one can also speak of informal, which is precisely the opposite: something “unofficial” or unofficial. For example, if a journalist is in the middle of a investigation whose objective is to expose the corruption of a certain political group, before concluding its work and having verified data, it can speak of unofficial information to refer to everything that it intuits or deduces based on what it has gathered up to that moment.
When the adjective is used to refer to a institution or building, points out that it is paid for with public funds and that it depends on the Condition: “I would like to enter the Official School of Languages”.
In the field of the armed forces and the security forces of a nation, officer is a rank that is acquired at the end of training. Officers can be differentiated according to the place they occupy in the hierarchical scale of the institution.
An officer, usually, is in charge of giving orders, guiding and instructing the noncommissioned officers or other inferior members in the hierarchy. In everyday language, however, the term is often used to refer to any uniformed person who belongs to a security force: “Officer, I need your help: they just stole my wallet”, “The boy, apparently, planned to steal that car, but when he approached the police officer decided to leave”, “The Police do what they can to fight crime, but they need more officers”.
Another use of the word official is linked to minister who executes death sentences. In this case, official is synonymous with executioner: “The death penalty was carried out by the officer at 5 PM”.
In the entertainment industry, on the other hand, this term is used as an adjective to reflect the authenticity of a product. For example, children’s movies are often launched accompanied by stuffed animals, toys, board games and video games, among other products; but only those approved and supervised by the original company are considered official, and this usually guarantees consumers the highest possible quality, in addition to the resemblance to the characters and settings of the story.
While official products are the ones that most accurately reflect the original content, they are also often the most expensive. It is for this reason that there are others, manufactured without the quality seal of the producer, but at much more accessible prices. Far from being a piracy tactic, these are also legal; its purpose is to sell to all those consumers whose budgets are too tight to access the official ones.