The science dedicated to the analysis of oceans receives the name of oceanography. Its experts investigate the various phenomena that occur underwater and work with the various organisms that inhabit the sea.
Oceanography is part of the group known as geosciences, which encompasses those natural sciences focused on various studies of the Land. In this specific case, your object of study is in the ocean. Its etymological origin, in fact, is linked to the description of the oceans.
It is possible to distinguish between various branches within this science. The physical oceanography takes care of the physical phenomena that take place in the ocean, such as waves and currents.
The chemical oceanography, for its part, is focused on the analysis of the aquatic composition from the chemical point of view. One of their interests is the presence of polluting substances in the seas.
The geological oceanographyInstead, it investigates the geological development that affects the conformation of the sea and the coast. The biological oceanographyFinally, it conducts research on living things that inhabit the ocean.
Cousteau’s Legacy for Oceanography
Among the most famous oceanography experts in the world is Jacques-Yves Cousteau (1910–1997), a researcher who became very popular as a pioneer in underwater filming and photography. This oceanographer knew how to become a world-renowned documentary maker and a fervent activist for the defense of the nature Marine. Cousteau allowed humanity to increase its knowledge about everything that happens under water.
Costeau was an explorer and due to his great passion for the marine world He was working to find a way to go down to the ocean and stay underwater for a long time. This is how he managed to manufacture the oxygen regulator that is still used in scuba diving.
Furthermore, Costeau not only liked to see but also to immortalize; so much so that he was one of the first to filming underwater movies. His famous underwater strips, taken during his explorations on the ship he had called CalypsoThey are extremely popular and have been televised in many countries around the world. It is thanks to them that Jacques-Yves Cousteau was recognized throughout the globe for his passion and dedication to exploring the marine universe.
Given that passion, it was also a great activist for preserving the purity of the oceans. He defended the marine environment by giving talks and trying to make the world aware of environmental issues. He is possibly one of the first activists aware that our role in life is fundamental, not because of what we have come to do but because of what we have done, and continue to do, not worrying about the future of nature.
When in 1960 a large number of radioactive waste At sea, Cousteau campaigned to prevent it, gaining high support from the people. And that was just the beginning of a long and intense fight for environmental rights. Later, together with his children, he created the Cousteau Society, which is in charge of working for the protection of life in the ocean.
Thanks to all the work of Costeau to explore the marine world and learn about the life of other species, today we know a lot about what is hidden under the waters. Many films and strips have been made in tribute to the work of this passionate of the marine world and his own filming continues to be admired and enjoyed throughout the planet by young and old.