The group of pseudo-sciences, doctrines and activities related to the Magic and to mystery is known as occultism. Engaging in these issues that claim to control the natural world and approach hidden universes is also called the occult.
These practices are supposed to seek that the human being manage to master certain powers that remain hidden, either within your being or in the environment. In many cases, occult practices are linked to the religion, especially with movements that worship the Devil.
The Catholicism, faced with this reality and aware that the occult can alienate the mens of the Christian faith, has fought the occult throughout history, condemning its practices and postulates.
The way that the Catholic Church had to attack the occult, considering it the Devil’s thing, was by employing the Holy Inquisition that sent thousands of men and women to the stake.
For the science traditional, occultism is linked to superstitious already magical beliefs. It is usually recognized, however, that the occult served to generate valid knowledge in antiquity, when the scientific method it had not yet been developed.
Although the definition of occultism is imprecise, several popular disciplines tend to fall within its scope. The astrology and the fortune tellingIn this sense, they are part of the occult since their postulates cannot be sustained from reason. To think that the date of birth of a person It can mark your destiny or that a letter is in a position to indicate what will happen in the future alludes to the action of some hidden force, inaccessible to science.
This leads us to speak, therefore, of occult sciences. These exist from practically the origins of the world and are intended to unravel the mysteries of nature and enhance human powers.
Starting from that meaning, we could say that there are numerous examples of them that exist. Among these, the following are worth highlighting:
• Cartomancy. This comes to be a form of prediction of the future or divination that is carried out through some cards. These can be both the Spanish deck and the English deck, for example.
• Alchemy. One of the oldest occult sciences, without a doubt, is this other one since it was already born in Mesopotamia. Since then until today it has existed, which is a mix between medicine, art, chemistry or metallurgy, among other disciplines. His objectives are the transmutation of his soul, the conversion of metal into gold or the obtaining of the philosopher’s stone, that of eternal life.
• Numerology. It is another divinatory practice that, as its name suggests, is based on the use of numbers.
• Herbalism. Medicinal plants are the ones that become the tool, base and essence of this other hidden science that uses them extractively to prevent and cure diseases of all kinds.
In the modern era, therefore, the occult is not always associated with Dark or the satanic, but can be linked to spiritual practices or mystical beliefs that enjoy a certain social recognition.