Obesity (from Latin obese) is the obese quality. This term refers to the excess of weight bodily.
Obesity is considered a disease, since excess weight leads to great health problems. An obese person is at risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disorders, among other physical complications.
This disease, which is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the body, it can have multiple causes, be they genetic, environmental or psychological. This means that obesity is not only associated with eating large amounts of food.
For the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity occurs when the body mass index of the adult exceeds 30 kg./m2. It can affect both men and women of any race, nationality or social stratum.
It is important to note that in ancient times it was believed that being overweight was synonymous with good nutrition and, therefore, conditions healthy of life. Today it is known that it is a factor that affects the development of multiple diseases, both physical and mental.
In many countries, obesity is a public health problem that has already become a epidemic, given the large number of cases reported by health institutions. One of the reasons lies in the current pace of life, which leads people to become sedentary and eat unhealthy.
Those who suffer from obesity, on the other hand, tend to be discriminated against and receive teasing and derogatory nicknames. Disease, in this way, also constitutes a social stigma.
The impact of obesity on social life
In principle, it is important to make a distinction between those who suffer from obesity and manage to overcome it, and those who must suffer it until the end of their lives. lives. When this disease occurs during childhood, it matters little to the protagonists of this nightmare the repercussions on their circulatory system and on their joints, as they have enough with the teasing and contempt they receive from their pairs.
Obese boys are branded effeminate, while girls, masculine. Both genders are subjected to countless jokes malicious and nicknames, which society itself periodically renews for its comfortable use by the heartless aggressors. Does anyone really believe that an obese person enjoys being called “fat”? Where is the consideration for others when making a mocking comment towards someone who suffers from a disease?
It is known that generalizations should not be taken as a reference when conducting a study of any kind, but not without reason is there a alleged relationship between lack of self-confidence and obesity or any other disorder that affects the appearance physical of a person.
Returning to the distinction made in the first paragraph, obesity appears to be a stigma that haunts those who suffer for life, including those who get overcome it. Within this group, activities are very frequent sporting or gymnastics, as well as responsible eating, seeking by all means not to return to the fatal stage of being overweight.
It may take only a little attention to find out who was overweight as a child and who was not; constant preoccupation with physical appearance, questions like “does this make me look fat?” and excessive criticism of the appearance of others are clear indications of a past related to obesity, vestiges of a suffering that only someone who has experienced it in the first person can know.