The nutriology is the scientific discipline that is dedicated to study of the nutrition. Experts in this area analyze everything related to feeding and its effects on the Health and the metabolism.
The metabolic, biological and chemical processes associated with human nutrition are part of the object of study of nutriology. As part of your job, nutritionists investigate the food composition and the development of digestion, among other issues.
The term metabolism We use it frequently in everyday speech, although we generally do not know its meaning precisely. It is about the quality that we have to change the nature of some substances in a chemical way. In other words, it is a group of reactions and processes, of biochemical and physicochemical types respectively, that take place at cellular level.
It is not surprising that nutritionology studies metabolism with such interest and relates it to our health, since from a scientific point of view this natural ability of ours to convert substances is the basis of our subsistence because it gives the cells the possibility to develop, preserve their structures, carry out the reproductive process and act in the face of external stimuli.
One of the main functions of nutriology is to indicate what nutrients needs an individual and how these substances are related to Health. Due to its characteristics, this specialization maintains a closeness with the general medicine, the biology and other sciences.
While the word nutriment It may seem a bit weird, it is a synonym for nutrient, that is, it is defined as a chemical that the cell needs to carry out its vital functions and that it obtains from the outside. The cell takes over the nutrients and converts them into constituents by means of the anabolism, a type of metabolic process, although it can also degrade it to get different nutrients, molecules or Energy.
It is important to keep in mind that each person has different needs in terms of nutrition. The body requires protein, minerals, vitamins and other specific substances based on various factors, such as age, lifestyle, and other parameters. That is why nutriology is useful to indicate how to solve those specific demands of each subject.
Something that we cannot deny is that all human beings need food to live and, once this need is met, to enjoy good health. The most important nutrients are found in food, but only in the healthiest, and therefore the action of “eating” should not be a simple reflex action but an activity carried out with responsibility, based on the information and the guidance of those who know the most.
It can be affirmed that nutriology is part of the preventive medicine. Without the accompaniment of a nutritionist, the risk of suffering from obesity, malnutrition and other disorders derived from a poor diet, since these experts contribute to the acquisition of healthy eating habits.
A nutritionist doctor, in fact, is someone who was trained in medicine and then he specialized in nutritionology. That differentiates it from nutritionist, who attended the Bachelor of Nutrition. As a doctor, the nutritionist can determine what happens to a patient who gains or loses kilograms, relate this situation to medical problems of various kinds and suggest specialized treatment (including the possibility of medicating).
They are two complementary areas, which work best when they come together: the nutritionist has a much deeper knowledge about food; the nutritionist focuses more on the organism of the patient and the relationship of his nutrition with his state of health in general.