Nobility is the noble quality. It is one of the three estates of the Old Regime, next to clergy and the Third estate (the plebs). After the bourgeois revolutions, the nobility was formally abolished from political power, since its legitimacy was not based on the popular will, although its social influence was maintained.
You can distinguish between different types of nobility. On the one hand, there was a nobility made up of families whose origins date back to the times of the Roman Empire. It could be said that it is the only type of royal nobility, since it cannot be transferred nor is there a way to access it beyond these families.
The nobility of privilegeInstead, it was awarded by the monarch as a reward for services rendered to the king. Condition. This nobility could be both personal (it ended when the beneficiary died) and transmittable (the nobleman bequeathed his condition to his descendants). In this sense, it must be said that the nobility of blood is that which is inherited from the ancestors.
However, we cannot ignore the fact that in Spain there was also what was known as high nobility. Under this denomination were included all those people who called themselves Grandes de España, that is, the children of the king and also those of the Prince of Asturias. Each of them used to have at least one noble title, be it duke, count, marquis …
Thus, for example, today we find the fact that King Juan Carlos de Borbón has his daughters who are cataloged under the name of Grandes and have individual titles. His eldest daughter, Infanta Elena, is Duchess of Lugo while her sister, Infanta Cristina, holds the title of Duchess of Palma.
Some forms of the nobility were the Sirs (where the condition was given by the economic resources that allowed them to live without working), the gentlemen (generally, they acceded to the nobility for military achievements) and courtiers (condition reached by the position in the cut).
The nobles had certain benefits: they were exempt from paying some taxesThey had large tracts of land and had servants at their disposal. Nobles generally lived in luxurious castles.
Among many other signs of identity that served to define the nobility is the fact that its members were habitual that they practiced sports such as hunting or fishing, they organized jousting tournaments and in the armies they were in charge of occupying the highest positions within the hierarchical organization.
In the Spanish case, it is curious that the nobility had a series of regulations that made it clear that any nobleman could only go to prison for a criminal offense and in that case he should be separated from the rest of the inmates, he could not be sentenced to the gallows nor could he be subjected to torture … A whole wide set of laws that made clear the superiority of the nobles in medieval society.
In everyday language, the notion of nobility is linked to human values such as loyalty, honesty, and moral rectitude. For instance: “Pedro is a man of great nobility”.