A newspaper library is a library that specializes in diaries and others newspaper publication. It can work in your own building, in a specific room or a specific sector within a traditional library.
Newspaper libraries can classify their contents in different ways (by subject, country of origin or date). Many print media have their own newspaper libraries, which function as archives where they store each of their publications. There are times when these newspaper libraries are open to the general public, while, in other cases, only employees of the newspaper are authorized to enter. business or to researchers.
Internet It has modified the functioning of the newspaper archives. On the one hand, many newspaper libraries have digitized their holdings so that they can be consulted remotely through the Web. On the other hand, there are newspaper archives that, although they did not digitize their files, have developed some type of database so that the interested party can consult the catalog before going to the building.
A researcher, for example, enters a newspaper library site and searches for all publications that contain the expression “American History of the 16th Century”. After analyzing the results, you find five records of interest to you. The researcher can take note of the location or code of these publications to facilitate access to the material once he visits the newspaper library.
Among the virtual newspaper libraries, the one developed by the Miguel de Cervantes Virtual Library. It presents the digital editions of numerous scientific and cultural journals in various subject areas, which can be accessed from search forms or title lists organized according to different criteria.
Types of newspaper archives
It is important to point out that within the newspaper libraries we can find different classifications, for which each text included must meet a number of characteristics.
* Newspapers: In this classification are those periodical publications that present breaking news and have a particular format, in which a specific distribution of the news can be highlighted and a different typeface from the rest of the daily publications.
In turn, they can be classified according to their content or their area of implementation.
—For its content they can be general or specialized information. (In both cases it is required that they be informative texts but in the second case precision in the use of a specific scientific language is also required).
—By its area of implantation they can be local, regional, provincial, national or international. (They always have the objective of informing, but according to the type of public that is going to read it, they will use a concise vocabulary or that specific to a region).
* JournalsAlthough their content could resemble newspapers and even some books, they are distinguished by their external appearance. Like books, they have a summary similar to the index; As for its similarity to newspapers, the regularity of its appearance can be mentioned.
They can also be classified by their content, in general or specialized. And for the audience they are addressed to, such as techniques (aimed at an audience that handles a certain vocabulary and specific knowledge on a topic) or divulgation (developed for all audiences, with few demands).
* Bulletins, annals and reports: They usually go out on an annual basis and are prepared by institutions that wish to share with the general public or with those who are part of it, the activities they carry out there. In addition, they can provide them with knowledge of studies or research.
They are widely used in academies to share the activities of the organization with the students and provide them with data that can help them in their academic work.