The neurology is the specialty of the medicine who is dedicated to study disorders and diseases of the nervous system. The expert in this field is called neurologist.
It should be remembered that it is called nervous system the set of cells that are responsible for conducting electrical signals. These cells are the neuroglia and the neurons.
The affections of the autonomic nervous system, the peripheral nervous system and the Central Nervous SystemTherefore, they are rehabilitated, treated, diagnosed and prevented by neurology. The professional in this area carries out a neurological examination of the patient to determine and locate his pathology, questioning him whenever possible and carrying out different tests.
Specifically, neurology can treat conditions that affect the muscles, the nerves, the spinal cord and the brain. The epilepsy, the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, the Parkinson’s disease and the Alzheimer disease are some of these evils.
The increase in life expectancy is believed to contribute to an increase in the frequency of neurological diseases. This is linked to aging of the nervous system, which causes a decrease in the senses of hearing, sight and smell; reduces the speed of reaction and mobility; and modify reflections, for example.
According to Spanish Society of Neurology, it is estimated that 16% of the population of Spain suffers from a neurological disease. This figure reveals the importance of neurology for this country and it allows us to glimpse its relevance also for the rest of the nations.