Neocolonialism is a notion that is formed with the compositional element neo- (referring to what “new”) and the noun colonialism (the doctrine that aims to establish and direct colonies). Before going any further, it is important to mention that a Suburb it is a region under the control of a foreign power.
The idea of neocolonialism, therefore, alludes to a excessive influence or one supremacy that exerts a country powerful, a multinational company or one former colonial power over one underdeveloped nation. Neo-colonialism tends to register in the economic field.
Neo-colonialism can be understood as a type of colonialism where domination does not require the use of force, but is established from political interference or interventions in the economy. The globalization, in this framework, usually favors this class of processes that are based on the hegemony.
Neo-colonialism can even be registered from the existence of a elite that, thanks to holding a real or symbolic power, it is imposed on a wide sector of the population.
In its origins, neocolonialism arose with the maintenance of the economic structures of the colonies despite political liberation. The former colonies, in this way, continued to depend on the metropolises due to their need to import and because they lacked capital and technical resources to boost its production.
Over time, the capitalism forged methods for exploitation did not require invasion or territorial annexation. Through political strategies and economic measures, a neocolonialism appeared that continues to maintain many peoples in a position of subordination.
Below we will discuss in detail some of the parts of the world that are under this type of excessive influence. Let’s start with the African continent. Their towns They wanted independence from the European invasion that had led to several colonies, partly thanks to the inspiration brought about by the success that India had achieved in this same aspect, but also because of the resentment that grew in them because of the mistreatment to which they were subjected.
On the other hand, after the Second World War two powers, The United States and the Union of Soviet Republics, which had intentions to strongly influence Africa despite not having been part of the invasion, division into territories and domination that is known by the name of Africa partition. Therefore, they used all the resources at their disposal to carry out their arms manufacturing market, spread their ideology and control the region from the economic field.
Africa accessed large loans of money to cover needs such as education and food for its peoples and the transition modernity in areas such as technology and communications. Various banks and countries gave them these economic resources. Unfortunately, some dictators squandered them and managed to reduce the possibilities of their people to live in total freedom, far from the influences of neocolonialism.
Let’s move on to the neocolonialism that can be seen in the Asian continent. Russia became a power thanks to having conquered Siberia and Turkestan. In 1914, his Empire covered around 16 million square kilometers, which earned him the title of the largest in the world. Their attempts to conquer Siberia began in the late 1500s and took a long time because they had to watch out for front European of their domains; just after the Crimean War (which ended in 1856), they again focused on Asia.
One of the obstacles they had to face in their questionable company was the presence of ice, which invaded the Pacific coast for a third of the year. For this reason, they preferred areas closer to the south of the continent.