A natural reserve it’s a space protected by some special regime that allows the preservation of the species that inhabit it. When a certain land is designated as a nature reserve, it acquires a particular status that prevents its commercial exploitation, the construction of structures and other issues that could modify its natural conditions.
It is important to know that there are two fundamental types of nature reserves:
-Partial, in which compatibility is allowed between the conservation of what are the values that it is intended to protect with the exploitation of certain resources.
-Total, in which the exploitation of resources is totally prohibited. The only exception to this rule is that the relevant authority decides to suppress or restrict it, that is, to authorize the aforementioned exploitation if it is for scientific, conservation, research or educational reasons.
A government can declare an area a nature reserve when the fauna wave flora of the place have a great importance. In this way, by converting these lands into a nature reserve, it is guaranteed that deforestation does not occur or that the land is not contaminated. Thanks to this protection, it is likely that the protected resources will survive over time, unlike what happens when conservation is not done and productive operations are left free.
Nature reserves are also often known as ecological reserves since they aim to safeguard the ecology. According to the legal and regulatory characteristics, natural reserves can be called biosphere reserve, National Park or natural Park.
Fortunately, there are many natural reserves in the world. Among the most significant, we could highlight the following:
-Absolute Natural Reserve Cabo Blanco. It is located in Costa Rica, has a large number of marine species, especially, and is considered to be one of the richest and most beautiful areas of the entire Pacific Coast.
-Natural Reserve Laguna de Fuente de Piedra. It is located in Spain, specifically in the Malaga region of Antequera, in the town that gives it its name. It is also declared a Special Protection Area for Birds (ZEPA) and it is considered to be the largest lagoon that all of Andalusia has with its 6.5 kilometers long.
-Gorge of Hell Nature Reserve. You have to travel to the Spanish province of Cáceres to find this environmental space, which is part of the Sierra de Gredos. Waterfalls, natural pools, riverside forests, alpine pastures and deciduous forests are what give value to this enclave, which also has a great variety of fauna.
The Cabo de San Antonio nature reserve it’s a example natural reserve. Located in Alicante, a province of the Valencian Community (Spain), this reserve of 110 hectares was designated in 1993.
In the Buenos Aires province (Argentina), There is Punta Lara integral nature reserve, That protects 6,000 hectares located next to the Río de la Plata. More than three hundred species of birds and thirty species of mammals live in this natural reserve born in the decade of 1940.