Native, from Latin natīvus, is an adjective that refers to that belonging to or relative to the place where he was born. For instance: “Cristiano Ronaldo is a native of Funchal, the capital of the Portuguese island of Madeira”, “Five natives of Haiti were deported due to problems with their papers”, “My grandfather is a native of Galicia, while my grandmother is a native of Calabria”.
The term, however, is associated with natives or aborigines. The natives form the original population of a territory, established before other peoples. By extension, one can speak of native language or native language: “We are going to do a safari to meet the natives of this region”, “A group of natives came to the city to demand fair treatment for their people”, “The natives were evicted in the name of progress”.
A unique case is the one that occurs in the United States where there are so-called Native Americans or indigenous people, who identify themselves fundamentally because they live in that territory and, above all, because they use the so-called Amerindian languages. These are the ones that were used in an original way on that continent.
The Cherokee, the Sioux, the Karok, the Wigwam or the Cree are some of those native peoples that still exist in that country today. However, we must not forget others equally significant such as the Apache, the Cheyenne, the Navajo or the Eskimos.
However, the list is so extensive that it is currently considered that there may be more than five hundred tribal and native groups.
The notion of native, in this sense, is quite broad. A native people is usually considered to be one whose social organization precedes the emergence of the modern state or whose culture it stayed out of European influence after colonial expansion.
Nowadays, natives who are part of contemporary Western society and who maintain their aboriginal condition as a cultural heritage or essence can be named. There are natives who work in the city and who acquired the habits of modern life.
In certain countries, however, the natives still maintain ancestral ways of life, as is the case in many regions of Africa, Pacific Asia, Latin America and Oceania. The defense of their customs is quite complicated in the face of globalization.
However, we must not overlook the fact that, in a colloquial way, in various nations the same term is used to refer to those foreigners who are teachers of their native language. Thus, for example, in Spain it is common for English learning academies to emphasize that they have native teachers, that is, that they have as teachers people whose mother tongue is precisely Anglo-Saxon.
In the same way, it should also be noted that there are expressions that use the term we are analyzing. This would be the case of native gold, which is that which is identified as being very pure and which is found in its natural state on different types of land. Some characteristics that also meet what is called native silver.