Identity is a word of Latin origin (identitas) that allows you to refer to the set of own traits of a subject or a community. These characteristics differentiate an individual or a group from others. Identity is also linked to conscience that a person has about himself.
National identity, for its part, is a social, cultural and spatial condition; These are traits that have a relationship with a political environment since, in general, nations are associated with a Condition (although this is not always the case).
The nationality it is a concept close to national identity. People born in Brazil, for example, are of Brazilian nationality and have legal documents that prove this condition. These individuals, therefore, have a Brazilian identity.
However, the most symbolic aspect of the notion may vary in each case. A person who is born in Brazil (has Brazilian nationality) and goes abroad at five years of age, may lose or neglect, over time, their national identity. If said subject, after spending the first five years of life in Brazil, lives the next forty years in Australia, never returning to his native land, it is likely that he will maintain his nationality from the legal point of view, but not their social or cultural identity.
In other cases, the national identity may exist without being certified by a legal document. Gypsies can speak of national identity despite the fact that their nation it does not have its own territory or a State that protects them as a social group. A man, therefore, can have Spanish nationality or any other country and gypsy identity.
Returning to the pure concept of identity, it is important to note that one of its nuances fundamental is the vision that a person has about their own characteristics, how they think others perceive them when they see them, when they listen to them, when they deal with them. It is precisely this very personal, so private aspect that unquestionably affects the rigidity of national identity; It is not even necessary to have lived in a country to feel part of it, although this does not happen very frequently.
While the exchange cultural It has taken place for hundreds of years, as can be seen by researching the lives of writers and composers, technological advances in the field of communications increasingly facilitate the approach to other lands without the need to move from one’s own. The Internet allows us to learn in a way that only a few years ago only science fiction could describe, and this reverberates in an increasingly weakening wealth the chains that separate one nation from another.
For those born in the age of television, words of foreign origin like “stop” or “play” were never strange; in the same way, they have managed to incorporate “email”, “Internet” and “streaming”, among many other terms, to adapt to the growing possibilities offered by technology. Something similar happens with musical genres: a Japanese couple dancing tango in a Kyoto theater is as common as a Spaniard performing a rap written by himself, in his own language.
How much of national identity is left in these last two examples? If the number of hours necessary to train in a discipline such as dance or singing is taken into account, in the case of a person who dedicates his life to studying a created style thousands of miles from home, in another era, with an absolutely different sociocultural context and in another idiom, surely these people do not have much time available for the nenbutsu dance or the flamenco singing. The question is therefore whether national identity is necessary, or positive.