It is known with the concept of mutilation to the process and the consequences of maim, a verb that refers to amputate or excise a fragment of something. It is generally used to refer to the cutting off of some part of the body of a living being.
Some examples where we find the term can be: “The authorities are investigating the mutilation of dozens of cows in a rural area of the province”, “In some places genital mutilation is part of the culture; a necessary step to achieve purity » , “The filmmaker was outraged by the mutilation of his work”.
Mutilation can be associated with amputation of a limb or other part of the body. It can occur due to a medical decision (to prevent the spread of a disease or reduce its impact) or by a strong trauma.
At the surgical level, a mutilation consists of tying the blood vessels to prevent bleeding and then cutting the muscles and the bones of the area. When possible, the area is adapted so that the patient can use a prosthesis as a replacement for the amputated limb.
Mutilation, on the other hand, can be carried out in the manner of punishment. Certain towns defend the physical punishment of criminals and may even cut off the hands of criminals to prevent them from stealing again.
Finally, on a symbolic level, mutilation is a clipping or cutting off any object: “The editor decided to mutilate the novel, eliminating the most controversial fragments”, “The mutilation of the sculpture took place at night, when the museum was closed”.
Female mutilation: clitoridoctomy
There is talk of genital mutilation when the reproductive organs are removed, either in whole or in part. In these cases, the mutilation may be due to an issue related to the religion or for aesthetic reasons. In some regions, genetic mutilation is applied to woman (removing the clitoris) as a form of domination.
It’s about a ritual that is done when women are about to enter adulthood; and it is seen as a way to prepare them for maturity. In cultures that share this type of ritual, they think that this way the body is purified to lead a life according to the rules of the religion that congregates them.
Under the name of clitoridoctomy or clitoral ablationThis ritual takes place in many more cultures than we think; most of them located in the Middle East and Asia. The surgery consists of removing the lower lip and two-thirds of the upper lip of the clitoris, the external female genitalia.
The girls are exposed to this surgery to mark the end of their childhood age and the beginning of their maturity, in which they will begin to have sexual relations: broadly speaking, the message of this operation is to indicate that the girl is ready to procreate. It is a ceremony in which all members of the community participate that has been practiced for millions of years. In most of these cultures it is believed and the girls grow up convinced of it, that if this mutilation is not carried out they will be punished with all kinds of divine torture.
As expected, this custom has many detractors because it could be considered a violation of human rights. Partly because this type of action prevents sexual enjoyment in women, on the other hand because the girls who are subjected to it do not have the option to choose.
It is worth mentioning that these surgeries are performed in extremely poor hygiene conditions and this is another reason why they are considered a crime against the integrity of women. Impressive bleeding occurs during these operations, and girls generally faint. Those who carry out these practices must be women; and they are trusted people from the family circle who have already done it before but who do not have a medical license. The instruments used are also not appropriate and are not properly disinfected. This, as is to be expected, brings many later problems, of infections that, many times, end the lives of the victims.
Today there are many organizations that fight to eliminate this practice from the world forever, backed by Unicef, the United Nations body in charge of preserving children’s rights.