A sound library is a collection of discs, ribbons and other elements that record sounds. These files, therefore, make it possible to preserve and disseminate the sound heritage.
The resources housed in a music library contain music, speeches, read aloud, poetic recitals and other manifestations and expressions that can be heard. Many times the sound libraries are annexes or sections of libraries.
The first sound libraries arose from the storage of sound records of different kinds. To facilitate their organization and access, the documents They are classified and ordered, favoring the work of researchers, students and interested parties in general who wish to consult them.
In a music library it is possible to find vinyl records, CD (also known as compact discs or CD), cassettes and other items. At present there are also the digital sound libraries Y virtual, which preserve digitized sound.
The speech that a president pronounced when he took office, the last concert of an artist and the poems of a writer in his own voice are some of the documents that can be part of a sound library. As can be seen, these institutions have great historical and cultural relevance.
The National Music Library of Mexico, founded in 2008, is an example of this class of entities. It depends on the Secretary of Culture of the North American nation and is dedicated to the recording, cataloging and dissemination of the Mexican sound memory.
The five activities that are recognized as the pillars of the National Sound Library for the promotion of culture are the following:
* the rescue and the preservation of the sonorous patrimony of Mexico;
* the dissemination of the values and cultural assets that it contains in its collection and that it protects;
* carry out events of various kinds, such as cultural, artistic or academic with sound as the central theme;
* promote the culture of listening in citizens;
* encourage the creation of sounds for artistic purposes based on freedom and experimentation.
Before the foundation of the sound library, the government of Mexico already recognized as a pending task the protection of its sound heritage. For this reason, in the mid-1900s the first projects related to this objective emerged, which also included visual material; some examples are the National Cinematheque, the Film library of the National Autonomous University and the Photo Library of the National Institute of Anthropology and History. However, sound did not have a space dedicated to it exclusively.
In 1980, the UNESCO He pointed out the importance of this heritage and suggested that it be preserved. However, it was two and a half decades before the Public Function Secretary put in functioning the National Sound Library, for which he designated the Casa Alvarado as the headquarters. It should be noted that until now there was no other record library in Latin America.
This enclosure has a total area of more than 6,500 square meters and is located in Coyoacán, Mexico City. Before its opening, different restoration and building works were carried out. Casa Alvarado dates from the 18th century and has an evident Andalusian and Moorish style. In 1932, the Directorate of Colonial Monuments declared it historical monument.
In the National Music Library of Mexico, the preservation building, whose area covers 1200 square meters. It is there where all the preservation tasks of the country’s sound archives take place, which include diagnosis, cataloging, stabilization and conversion to digital formats.
On the other hand is the Octavio Paz Audioteca, with equipment that the public can freely use to consult and access the sound files.
The Jaime I University of Spain, meanwhile, has a digital music library created in 2001. Through it you can hear more than 313,000 songs.