It is called multipartism to the political system that it has several parties capable of accessing power. With a multi-party system, in the executive power different sectors tend to alternate, while the legislative power it is divided into different benches.
When a single political party exercises a hegemony, there is talk of one-party system. If, on the other hand, two political parties share power, it is a question of bipartisanship. The existence of a greater number of parties gives rise to the call multipartism or multi-party system, existing in countries like Argentina, Japan and Italy.
Regarding the concept of hegemony, mentioned in the previous paragraph, is the domain of one party over the others that belong to the same class. In this case we are talking about a party that has excessive power over those who, in theory, should compete with it for the votes of the citizens. It is also possible to speak of the hegemony of a bloc of nations over others because of its influence at the military, political or economic level.
Bipartisanship occurs if two parties monopolize the majority of the votes, as with the Republican Party and the Democratic Party in the United States. In general, these are two movements with opposing ideologies: if there are other minority parties, they limit themselves to presenting extremist proposals or they have a local reach.
Multipartyism, on the other hand, supposes that three or more parties distribute the positions of power. This coexistence makes the necessary alliances between parties to reach seats through popular vote.
It can be said that multipartism contributes to the management of the ideological plurality. Citizens, in this framework, can find adequate representation according to their ideas, since there are various parties with dissimilar platforms and programs.
With multipartism, many political groups have an active participation in the Condition and in the public sphere. It is important to bear in mind that if the number of existing parties is excessive, it is associated with a lack of organization and even a certain degree of anarchy.
The existence of a political party systemAfter all, it supports the competition between each of them and offers citizens the guarantee that their needs and rights will be satisfied or at least can be if the results of the elections match their expectations. They are associated with democracy precisely because of the ideological diversity that they should represent to society.
Multi-partyism also appears in the context of electoral bodies, those who assume the responsibility of the electoral administration, independently of the existing institutional framework. It is an institution or organization that is created with the well-defined objective of administering the element or elements that are essential to conduct elections, as well as referendums, citizen initiatives and other instruments of direct democracy, if necessary.
When an electoral body has a multi-party baseAmong the members of its governing body there are candidates who belong to each of the political parties. The latter have the legal power to debate in an election to be represented in the body, although there may also be certain restrictions. Let’s look at some of the advantages of multipartism in this case:
* promotes the opposition of forces to participate in the elections;
* encourages participation and transparency of the elections;
* guarantees that political parties participate in the creation of the electoral body’s policies;
* the electoral administration acquires more political experience.
And some of its disadvantages:
* political interests can be the basis of the actions of its members;
* may lack the necessary experience and quality;
* if all parties have one representation At the electoral body, it may not be easy to administer.