Multiethnic it’s a adjective which is used to refer to that which brings together or encompasses various ethnic groups. A ethnicity, meanwhile, is a human group that is formed from cultural, linguistic, or racial similarities.
A multiethnic country, in this framework, has inhabitants of different ethnicities. To a greater or lesser extent, all countries are multi-ethnic due to migratory movements, territorial conquests, and other factors. This phenomenon can be seen in the national teams that compete in numerous sports, where the teams are made up of players of different ethnic groups.
Being multi-ethnic, however, brings challenges in a Condition. The authorities have the obligation to attend to the needs of the various ethnic groups that live in the territory, with which they must be balanced so as not to benefit some to the detriment of others.
There are conflicting views regarding the multi-ethnicity. While some positions encourage integration into a higher unit (such as a National state), others promote autonomy of ethnic groups. When there is no cohesion or respect, multi-ethnic societies they tend to register conflicts and can even collapse.
Usually it is mentioned Yugoslavia as an example of a multi-ethnic country that dissolved in a violent way. Among other problems that led to the disintegration, there is the confrontation between Serbs, Croats and other peoples who claimed their independence.
Two other cases of multi-ethnic state were the Soviet Union and the Astro-Hungarian Empire. It is important to note that this concept is often used illustratively and not as a category of analysis. For this reason, there are no fully defined criteria about when it is correct to determine that a state becomes multiethnic or about the potential consequences of this. diversity cultural.
It is important to note that a Multi-ethnic state that guarantees the rights of all its ethnic groups has a great richness in its diversity. Heterogeneity can be considered as a value that brings benefits in multiple areas. Interestingly, it also gives rise to acts of racism that can reach incalculable levels of violence.
Let’s start by looking at the benefits of a multi-ethnic environment. Human beings grow up in families, small groups of people in which certain values are maintained that are passed from generation to generation. Many of them correspond to those of the society in which they are found, but others are specific to each lineage. As expected, we grow up thinking that “our ideas are correct”, and little by little we demystify the impossible perfection of our parents to accept the diversity of ideas.
If a country limits the coexistence of people of different races and origins as much as possible, it harms its people by denying them contact with new points of view that could enhance their own. Given that it is a matter of great complexity, much greater than the income of one or two people in a house, governments must treat the issue of immigration with great care, but not because they consider it a negative concept but because they must ensure that no one see affected the fulfillment of their Rights in the process.
On the contrary, countries in which the environment is multi-ethnic tend to be characterized by a greater variety of ideas, which can have a very positive impact on children. Growing up in a diverse environment makes us more versatile, it prepares us better to face the unforeseen because we have the experience of various societies. The richness can also be appreciated on the linguistic plane, since where more than one idiom officially citizens tend to have a greater facility to learn others.