Judgment It is a faculty of the soul that allows to differentiate between good and evil. When put into words, the judgment is an opinion or an opinion. The moral, on the other hand, it is associated with the customs, values, beliefs and norms of a person or from a social group. Morality works as a guide to act since it distinguishes between right and wrong.
It is known as moral judgment, therefore, to the mental act that establishes whether a certain conduct or situation has ethical content or, on the contrary, lacks these principles. The moral judgment is made from the moral sense of each person and responds to a series of norms and rules that are acquired throughout life.
Throughout our lives always, through different areas and entities (family, society, school …), we have been told what is right and what is wrong. However, in the face of all this we have been able to react differently: accepting it, rejecting it or simply ignoring it.
In this way, it is that what is known as stages of moral judgment have emerged, which are heteronomous morality, individualism, interpersonal expectations, the social system and conscience.
Thus, when we are faced with a concrete fact, based on our moral judgment, we act in one way or another by considering what is right or wrong. That in the end also supposes that later our attitude is an element of study on the part of our conscience that will determine that how we have acted brings with it regret, guilt or remorse.
The family, the school, the church and the media They are some of the social institutions that influence the adoption of the precepts that determine moral judgments. This means that the environment plays a preponderant role in the subject’s thinking about what is right and what is wrong.
Many are the judicial cases that appear in the media and that lead the population to develop a moral judgment, regardless of the established laws. Thus, for example, in Spain one of the most serious cases is that of a father who has been sentenced to forty years in prison for drugging and burning his children to take revenge on their mother, his ex-wife, for not want to get back with him.
This fact has meant that, before the judge issued a specific sentence, society in general was already clear that he had to go to prison, regardless of the evidence that existed, for having carried out such a criminal act.
For example: a mother goes out to steal because she cannot find a job and does not have the resources to feed her children. Beyond the legal implications of the case, some people may make a moral judgment that considers that the actions of the woman are justified. It is clear that these trials do not always have to do with those developed in a court, although, in general, the Judiciary agrees with the prevailing ethics in a court. society.