With roots in a Latin term that resembles the concept of «service», the word ministry is used to speak of a department or division of the Government of a State. Each ministry is a functional part of the Government and has a person in charge, who is called Minister. The highest authority, and to whom the ministers respond, is the Prime Minister.
The term ministry is used to refer both to each division of the Government and to the edifice in which the offices of the Department ministerial. For instance: “The Ministry of Agriculture has announced that it will provide subsidies to producers affected by the drought”, “Yesterday there was an important protest in front of the Ministry of Labor”, “The Government has decided to increase the budget of the Ministry of Economy so that it can implement measures against the international financial crisis”.
Although it varies in each country, the names and functions of the ministries may be modified by the Executive power. On ArgentinaFor example, some of the most important ministries are the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Economy and Public Finance, the Ministry of Federal Planning, Public Investment and Services, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Industry.
The President of the Nation Argentina has the obligation to appoint a Chief of staff, the person in charge of coordinating the actions between the different ministries.
On Spain, the ministries are part of the General State Administration. The appointment and removal of ministers are carried out by the King of Spain at the proposal of President of the goverment. The headquarters of the ministries are located in Madrid, the national capital.
History of the Spanish Ministry of Education
At present, the Ministry of Education represents a very important department for the country, since it is in charge of all issues related to training and the granting of scholarships and aid to citizens, so that they can reach the academic level they seek, be in the territory domestic and abroad.
Regarding its creation, the March 31, 1900 and received the name of Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts. In any case, the Spanish Government had previously acted in educational matters, as evidenced by the establishment of a General Directorate of Studies in Cádiz soil almost a century earlier, which was evolving over time, transforming and adapting to the different needs Of the inhabitants.
Historically, their competencies They have varied, encompassing public instruction, the protection of educational institutions such as colleges and schools, conservatories of music and plastic arts, libraries, printing presses, museums and theaters, among many other organizations.
For more than four decades, decisions Related to educational issues were linked to the Ministry of Development, until at the beginning of 1900 it was divided into two, giving rise to the first expression of the current Ministry of Education, as mentioned in previous paragraphs. It is worth mentioning that during its first years of existence, the lack of budget did not allow it to bring about great changes in the Nation; This does not mean, on the other hand, that an important awareness-raising effort was not carried out on his behalf regarding the advantages of the training academic and specialization.
Over the years, a series of directorates (such as the General for Primary Education and the Fine Arts) were created that increased the importance of the Ministry of Education and helped define its competencies, a fundamental point for its developing and its evolution. Its current headquarters, located in the city of Madrid, was built almost a century ago.