The mineralogy is a scientific specialization which focuses on the analysis of minerals. A mineral, meanwhile, is a inorganic substance that can be found inside the cortex of the Land or on the surface of the planet.
Considered as an area of the geology, mineralogy is dedicated to the study of the chemical and physical properties of minerals. It is important to bear in mind that these solids are used by humans for the development of numerous industrial activities thanks to their components.
According to its specific object of study and its application, mineralogy can be divided into several branches. Thus it can be spoken of general mineralogy, economic mineralogy, optical mineralogy, descriptive mineralogy, etc.
In its broadest sense, mineralogy investigates the structure and general characteristics of minerals, allowing their classification. Also consider how these substances are formed, what are the techniques appropriate for their exploitation and in what way they can be exploited.
Another section of interest for mineralogy is the historical, cultural and social events related to mineral deposits. Numerous towns, for a long time, they subsist thanks to the activities related to minerals.
An expert in mineralogy studies the hardness, the brightness, the Colour and the weight of minerals, among other aspects. Hardness, for example, is measured according to the so-called mohs scale. With the contributions of these specialists, it is possible to know if a mineral will break when applying a certain tension or determining its resistance against scratches, to mention two possibilities.