With origin in Latin metrĭcus, the concept of metrics allows to describe what belongs to or is related to the metro. This can, in turn, make mention of the unit of length of the International System or the measure that a verse has.
In the first case mentioned, we can establish that said metric system is characterized by two fundamental questions: that it has several units of measurement and that these are related to their multiples and submultiples of 10. Regarding the units, we must make it clear that the basic quantities are three: length, time, and mass.
Starting from this, we would have to refer to other concepts that use the term metric as a basic part. This would be the case of the well-known tape measure, which is one that is characterized by having marked, longitudinally, what the mentioned units are as well as their corresponding divisions.
In this same line we also find the one known as metric ton. This symbol is the letter “t” and is defined as a weight that is made up of a total of 1,000 kilos exactly. No less unique is the metric ton of tonnage, which is that which is equivalent to one cubic meter.
In poetic matters, therefore, one speaks of metrics when describing the art which is dedicated to the analysis of the measure and structure of each verse. The metric examines the rhythmic constitution of the elements of a poem. In the case of prose, it is defined as rhythmic prose.
It should be noted that there are multiple types of metrics. The Spanish metricTo cite one case, it contemplates a fixed number of syllables and a specific distribution of accents. The Greco-Latin metric, the hebraic metric and the Germanic metric, among others, have their own mechanisms for the construction of rhythm.
In this sense, it is very important to know that the metric when analyzing and studying any poem basically uses three central axes or pillars: the poem itself, the stanzas that compose it, and the verses that shape it.
However, although in general terms these are the three most important aspects that give meaning to the work of the metric, in turn when carrying it out, other equally relevant issues must be considered. Among them are the syllables, accents and the corresponding rhymes.
Different kinds of verses can be mentioned depending on the meter. The verses that end with a sharp word are the oxytons, the verses ending with a grave word are the paroxytons and the verses that end with a word esdrújula are the proparoxytones.
The metric defines the stanzas as the group of verses that have a pre-established distribution of syllables and rhymes that is repeated regularly throughout a certain poem. The Spanish meter comprises stanzas of between two and thirteen lines.
In another sense, the mathematics takes advantage of the concept of metric to identify any function that manages to define a distance within a metric space. In the Informatics Engineering, the metric is understood as the measure that allows to recognize an information system or software.