The metaethics is the part of the ethics dedicated to analysis of the origin of ethical principles. It is a discipline that focuses on moral values, considering whether they are absolute or relative, whether they exist independently of people, etc.
It can be said that metaethics reflects on the moral judgments. It is in charge of carrying out, from the philosophy, a study on what is defined as “bad” or “well” and on the basis of moral judgments.
Metaethics considers the problem of analyzing moral judgments from the logic. It is important to note that it does not offer conclusions about what is correct and what is incorrect, but rather is oriented to the meaning of these judgments and their logical structure.
For this reason, although there are different ways of understanding metaethics, it is generally associated with formal study of moral judgments beyond their content. In this framework, he investigates the objectivity and the subjectivity of the moral.
While the normative ethics indicates what must be done, metaethics focuses its gaze on the ontological section and on the relationship that exists between moral values and the objective scheme of the reality.
In the field of metaethics it is possible to differentiate between two great theories. The realist theory maintains that moral values integrate the objective structure of reality: that is, they have independence from the mind. When describing reality, they can be evaluated as false or true. The antirealist theoryOn the other hand, it affirms that values do not compose that objective structure and, therefore, there is no moral knowledge.