Messianic is an adjective that refers to that belonging to or relating to the messiah or the messianism. The concept of messiah, for its part, is used in the field of religion to name the Anointed (the Son of God or a man with the divine spirit) or in everyday language in reference to who is creditor of excessive trust on the part of people to achieve a goal or solve a problem.
Adjective messianic, therefore, it can be applied to the person who declares himself or is regarded as a messiah or a savior. For example: “The sects often have leaders with messianic pretensions who deceive the people”, “The messianic movement does not stop growing”, “We believe that Master Brahmalogty is a messianic being who will lead us to a better world”, “You have to be careful with messianic groups: they are dangerous”.
It is known as messianic judaism to the religious group that maintains that Jesus of Nazareth is he Messiah. Practitioners consider themselves part of the Jewish religion and follow the precepts of the Torah, although neither stream of Judaism nor the State of Israel accept the messianics since they also follow the New Testament. This is why some Christian groups hold that Messianic Judaism is a form of Christianity.
It is estimated that in Israel There are some 15,000 members of Messianic Judaism, a number that grows to 250,000 in USA. It should be noted that this current is divided into several groups, such as the Nazarene Messianic Judaism and the Ebionite Messianic Judaism.
Messianic Judaism emerged in England between the 19th and 20th centuries, during the Hebrew-Christian missions, with the aim of evangelizing the Jewish people. It is worth mentioning that its practitioners practice their faith by placing themselves in the position of true observers of the Torah, and their view of themselves is that of Jews in religion.
The first congregation of Messianic Judaism was formed in the city of London and received the name “Ben Abraham”; its initial membership was around forty. Also in the 19th century, one of the most important forerunners of this religion: Ignatz Lichtenstein, originally from Hungary. Throughout the 1890s, Lichtenstein produced a series of works in German that are considered “classical messianic literature.”
Since Messianic Judaism is divided into several organizations, they are not all based on the same theology; The larger groups, however, share the following fundamental points:
* believe that the Old Testament (the Tanach) and the New Testament (Brit jadashah) arose from inspiration of God;
* They believe in Elohim, the God of the Bible, a being who has all the characteristics of the Christian version, such as omnipresence and his existence beyond creation. The different streams of Messianic Judaism include the trinitarian (accepting the existence of a God in which three divine persons coexist), dualitarian (they take the Father and the Son as one entity) Y one-man (they contemplate the presence of a single God with more than one manifestation);
* affirm that Yeshua, called by Christians Jesus of Nazareth, is the Messiah who arose from the people of Israel, which is far from Christian and Muslim beliefs regarding his identity and nature. Yeshua is accepted as “God made flesh” and “word made flesh” and it is believed that he fulfilled all the prophecies announced in the Tanach.
With regard to its festivities, the most important is Shabbat, which brings together the faithful to meet on Friday afternoons (Erev Shabbat) and on Saturday morning and evening (Havdala). Passover is called Pesach and is celebrated on Nisan 14 (the first month of the Biblical Hebrew calendar) and the party of unleavened bread takes place from the next day until the 22nd.