There are several notions linked to America that often lead to confusion, such as Iberoamerica or Hispano-America. These are terms that refer to specific characteristics to establish regions or divisions in the interior of the continent.
This time we are going to focus on Mesoamerica. This denomination allows to refer to the zones from Mexico and of Central America where the most important prehispanic cultures.
The concept of MesoamericaTherefore, it combines geographical, historical and cultural features. It is important to note that it is not a synonym for Central America (or Central America), which only mentions the geography.
It is often stated that Mesoamerica includes the southern part of Mexico; the totality of Belize, The Savior Y Guatemala; and the western sector of Costa Rica, Nicaragua Y Honduras. In the pre-Columbian stage (that is, before the arrival of Christopher Columbus to America), this vast territory was home to great civilizations, such as the peoples mayan Y aztecs (mexicas).
Mesoamerica It was characterized by agricultural activity with crops of corn, cocoa and other species; the domestication of the dog; and the implementation of a civil and other ritual calendar. Their societies They were organized according to the relevance and role of different groups, while their religion was based on polytheism.
The use of water, the use of a numbering system, human sacrifices and the ball game are other features that are identified in the cultures from Mesoamerica, where it is usually distinguished between the preclassical period, the classical period, the epiclassic period and the postclassic period.