The term marriage It comes from the Latin matrimonum. In the past, it was exclusively about the Union of a men and one woman that is specified through certain rites or legal procedures. In recent years, more and more state have accepted the marriage between people of the same sex, with which this conjugal union has ceased to be the patrimony of heterosexuality.
The matrimonial tie it is recognized at the social level, both based on legal norms and customs. By entering into marriage, the spouses acquire various rights and obligations. Marriage also legitimizes the filiation of children who are procreated by their members.
It is possible to distinguish, at least in the Western world, between two great types of marriage: the Civil marriage (which is specified in front of a competent state authority) and the religious marriage (which legitimizes the union in the eyes of God).
For the Catholic Church, marriage is a sacrament and an institution whose essence is in the divine creation of man and woman. Catholic marriage is perpetual: it cannot be broken according to religious precepts (unlike marriage civil, where there is divorce). A separated person, therefore, cannot remarry in the Church.
In colloquial language, the couple formed by husband and wife is called marriage: “We are going to rent the house to an elderly couple”, “A married couple entered the business and spent more than five hundred pesos”, “I can’t believe it, yesterday they robbed the couple that lives next to me home“.
In this context we speak of rights and duties of the spouses, a series of points that the Civil Code indicates and that is complemented with the education of each culture. In principle, each person should learn to treat others with compassion and I respect, so that it was never necessary to turn to the authorities for cases of violence; However, since this is not always the case, it is vital to establish certain rules to remind both parties of how they should behave within the marriage.
Before going into the details, it is necessary to emphasize that the two parties must comply with the same homework and they deserve the same rights, both in relationship and before the law. Unfortunately, machismo often leads to a clear imbalance in this commitment in heterosexual unions, which puts women at a disadvantage.
The marriage must be built and maintained between the two partners. Precisely, the Civil Code indicates to newlyweds that they must live together in an environment of respect and collaboration, always acting in favor of the family group. In more everyday and precise terms, the following should fall on both parties obligations:
* get the money to meet the expenses. Although each couple can organize in different ways, the obligation to work is not exclusive to either party, but to both. Historically, machismo has placed this burden on man;
* keep the house clean and tidy. We have lived for centuries in a world in which women are associated with this series of homework, but little by little we are entering an era of equality, in which man has fifty percent of the responsibility;
* take care of the children. This point includes taking charge of their upbringing, helping them study, taking care of their health, playing with them, teaching them the bases of morality and life in society and many other things that we need to develop as good people. If the child has two elders in their care, then both must share these obligations.