There is no clear theory about the etymological origin of mangroves. Specifically, it is established that it derives from “mangrove”. This term, which means “type of bush” has different opinions about its origin. Thus, there are those who believe that it derives from Guaraní, there are those who think that it emanates from Arauca, those who think that it comes from Malay …

The mangroves are land that, when the tide rises, there are covered in water. In these areas there are estuaries that give rise to numerous islands, in which flora species that subsist in the salty water develop.

Mangrove swampConsidered biomes, mangroves are found in subtropical or tropical regions, both on the coast and in estuaries. They are generally noted for their rich biodiversity, with an abundant presence of mollusks, fish and other animals.

The aforementioned mangrove that we have already mentioned, it must be emphasized that it is a shrub of the rhizophoraceae group that can reach a height of up to four meters. The mangroves have hanging branches that take root and intertwine, creating networks that serve as a refuge for various species.

In mangroves there are usually a large number of mangroves. These bushes work as natural barrier against the wind and even provide protection against the advance of the waves. That is why they are very valuable in stopping the erosion.

In addition to all the above, we cannot ignore that there are different types of mangroves. Some of them stand out such as the following:
-Manglares of edge, which are those that are formed in the bays. Its trees do not exceed 20 meters in height.
-Riparian mangroves, which are those that occur in river beds. Its plant species reach 30 meters in height.
-Dwarf mangroves, which are those that exist in areas with low temperatures and where there are high concentrations of salt.
-Manglares of bar. These, as their name suggests, are protected by a sand barrier. They occur, above all, in areas of the Pacific.
-Manglares of islets are, for their part, that come to be developed in beach areas that are isolated and that have large amounts of mud. In them, the trees do not exceed 10 meters in height.
-Manglares of basin, which are very common to find in areas of depressions.

In the same way, we cannot ignore the fact that among the countries with the greatest number of important mangroves are Mexico, Ecuador, Panama and Colombia.

The mangrove swamp of Madagascar, for example, it is found on the west coast of East country African. It covers an area of ​​about 5,500 square kilometers and is the habitat of the green turtle, the Nile crocodile and the Malagasy heron, among other beings.

The mangroves of Piura, also called mangroves of San Pedro or Vice mangroves, are in the River mouth of the Piura river, on Peru. A large number of shorebirds live in them.

Other mangroves of ecological relevance are the New Guinea mangroves, on Oceania. The flora and the fauna of this region are very varied.