Judiciary is a term with origin in Latin magistrātus. Its about office of magistrate and the duration of his position.

JudiciaryThe magistrate is a public official who holds an administrative or judicial position and who is in charge of judging and executing what is judged. This official, therefore, must be impartial (without ties or interests with the parties involved in the case) and Independent (cannot be influenced by others powers).

The position of magistrate arises in the Ancient Rome, when it came to citizens elected to administer and direct the cities. In this case, the magistrates performed both judicial and legislative and executive functions. Consuls, aediles and tribunes, for example, were magistrates. Over time, the Roman emperor began to seize more power and the magistrates lost powers.

Specifically, it must be emphasized that there was what was called the Roman Magistracy, which came to establish that there were basically two types of magistracies: the extraordinary, among which was the dictatorship or the triumvirate, and the ordinary. The latter in turn were divided into two:
• Elderly: the consulate, the censorship and the pretura.
• Minors: questioning and edibility.

Likewise, within this type of magistracy various powers were established that the magistrates had, such as the power to carry out their intervention in judicial matters, having the capacity to give orders, the power to represent the Republic in any relationship with a citizen. particular or even proceeding to seek what would be the support of the gods.

Today the magistrates are far from having the power of the first Roman magistrates. A magistrate is an official who is part of a high Court of Justice or who performs as judge. The set of magistrates is known as magistracy.

At present, in Spain, we have to highlight the existence of what is known as the Professional Association of the Magistracy (APM), which is made up of judges, which is one of the five of this type that exist in that country and that is clearly identifies as having a fairly conservative ideology.

In addition to all this, and as is to be expected, this entity, which has approximately 1,300 members, has as clear objectives the protection and defense of the rights of its users and in general of what would be the general interest of professionals in the field. judicial. It is also interesting to note that it advocates political neutrality and judicial independence, which thus basically becomes a guarantee for citizens.

On Argentina, the Council of the Magistracy It is a constitutional body that is in charge of nominating candidates for judges, who will finally be appointed by the President of the Nation in agreement with the senators. East organ it also controls the activity of judges and is empowered to open political trials to those who do not fulfill their duties.

Judges, senators, deputies, lawyers, representatives of the Executive power and members of the academic sector are the members of the Council of the Magistracy, which is renewed periodically.