The concept of gender it has different meanings. In this opportunity, we will keep its meaning as a category or class in which an artistic work can be classified according to its characteristics.
The literary genres, within this framework, are methods of classifying the works of literature. This means that a literary work, according to its form and content, is included in a certain literary genre.
What is the lyrical genre
There are many classification systems for works in literary genres. One of the best known is the one proposed by Aristotle in “The poetics”, which he developed in the 4th century BC. There, the Greek philosopher recognizes three great literary genres: the drama, the epic genre and the lyric.
We can say, therefore, that the lyric it is a literary genre. Its distinctive feature is that reflects the author’s emotions and feelings. In general, the lyrical genre is developed in verses (poetry), although there are lyrical texts written in prose.
The lyrical genre gets its name from the lira, a instrument musical. In the Ancient Greece, It was common for compositions of this type to be sung to the accompaniment of a lyre, hence its name.
Despite the fact that at that time the works belonging to the lyrical genre were sung accompanied by instrumental music, this custom was left behind until it disappeared. Nowadays, there is always the option of merging poetry with music, as well as making any other combination that artists wish to create when distributing or exhibiting their plays.
Subgenres of the lyrical genre
The sonnets, the balads, the odes and the elegies they are subgenres of the lyrical genre. Works of this type are currently grouped as poems, as poetic works are known.
Regarding rhythm and metrics of a poetic work, they depend at all on the author. As in all forms of art, there are two large groups of creators: those who attach great importance to technique and those who are carried away by inspiration and ignore any structure that threatens to deprive their works of spontaneity. Between these two extremes are those who rely on technical concepts to polish their writings in order to make them more impressive.
Among the main figures of the lyrical genre in our tongue, we found a long list of women and men whose contributions were unmatched. From Spain we can name Rosalia de Castro already Federico Garcia Lorca; from Chile, to Pablo Neruda Y Violeta Parra; in Mexico we find Sor Juana Ines De La Cruz already Octavio Paz; stands out in Peru Cesar Vallejo; in Poland the unforgettable Wislawa Szymborska; Argentina gave us Alfonsina Storni.
It is important to note that these are just some of the most prominent names of the past, but they are far from being all of them since today there are dozens of people who take poetry in new directions every day. The lyrical genre is perhaps the most difficult to appreciate, especially when it comes to works with a high degree of abstraction; its counterpart is drama, which offers us situations and dialogues that we can find in our daily lives.
This particularity of the lyrical genre is its essence, that which makes it unique and magical, but it usually causes a certain rejection in people who do not approach it for fear of not understanding it and questioning their own intellect in front of others. Poets, on the other hand, claim that it is not necessary to understand each word, each verse to appreciate a lyrical work, it is enough to open up and feel it.