Of English logistics, the Logistics is he set of means and methods that allow to carry out the organization of a business or a service. The Business Logistics implies a certain order in the processes that involve the production and commercialization of merchandise.
It is said, therefore, that logistics is the bridge or the nexus between production and the market. Physical distance and time separate the productive activity from the point of sale: logistics is responsible for uniting production and market through its techniques.
In companies, logistics implies resource planning and management tasks. Its role is to efficiently implement and control materials and products, from point of origin to consumption, with the intention of meeting consumer needs at the lowest possible cost.
The origin of logistics is in the military field, where the organization it tended to attend to the movement and maintenance of the troops in the field. In times of war, efficiency in storing and transporting items is vital. Otherwise, soldiers may suffer from a shortage of means to face the harshness of the fighting.
Based on these experiences, business logistics was in charge of studying how to place the goods and services in the right place, at the right time and under the right conditions. This allows companies to meet the requirements of their customers and obtain the highest possible profitability.
Logistics specialists rely on various tricks that help them achieve the best possible results, and there are companies that are dedicated to advising others in this particular aspect. If we take as a reference a stock, we can study some of the most common tips to improve logistics. First is the choice of strategy, which must be tailored to specific needs: an ideal one for an order volume of less than one hundred can be detrimental if this number exceeds one thousand, for example.
Taking the volume of orders as a parameter, we enter a logistics classification in which we can recognize the following types:
* small: about fifty orders daily, for which a warehouse of 500 square meters and five employees is enough;
* structured: the number of orders per day exceeds fifty. The number of employees and their specialization must be greater, so that the rigor of their work increases;
* industrialized: a minimum of a thousand orders per day, a volume that requires automation through computer programs.
One of the most common practices in today’s market is outsourcing to third parties to perform certain specific tasks. Well, logistics also includes this strategy. Although its cost is higher than that of an internal organization, it is more practical because the main company does not have to make any changes to its workforce, such as its expansion or training.
On the difficult road of the optimization logistics highlights the quality of the work environment. This aspect must be taken care of to the maximum so that the distribution of the products is optimal. Among the most frequent tips is to limit unnecessary movement and the transport of heavy loads, relying on a good organization of the shelves and the use of machines that avoid the most risky physical efforts for employees.
Without a doubt, order is another of the pillars of good logistics. In this context, it is ideal to number the products, design routes to reach each of them and clearly delimit the work areas and storage.