The notion of cattle raising is used in relation to livestock: The group of animals of cargo or work that move and feed together. The term can refer to the group of cattle of a producer or of an area, or to the activity consisting of the breeding and commercialization of these species.
What economic activity, livestock is based on exploitation of domesticated animals for productive purposes, taking advantage of its meat, leather, milk, etc. The subject dedicated to livestock is called rancher.
Knowledge of zoology and veterinary medicine are very important for the development of livestock, whose origins go back to the transition from an economy of gathering, hunting and fishing to an economy based on voluntary production. These professionals can currently help prevent and control some diseases of animals, for example.
The cattle farming (cows), the pig farming (pigs), the sheep farming (sheep) and the goat farming (sheep) are among the most important livestock activities worldwide. A lot of people all over the planet livestock has as a way of life.
Due to the needs of space and natural resources, livestock is carried out in rural environments. Many times, in the same field, livestock is developed simultaneously with the farming, since the land is used to raise animals and grow crops. In addition, animals can generate the manure which is used as fertilizer for plants, while plants can serve as food for animals.
It is important to note that livestock is not a natural activity, that is, it was not in the plans of the nature that one of his creations proceeded in this way to procure food: hunters have claws, sharp teeth, strength and agility ideal to catch their prey, just as herbivores are born with the means to tear the leaves and branches of plants; only the human being looked for a different path from the one indicated by his own body.
This behavior has its consequences, and they are not exactly good. As mentioned in a previous paragraph, artificial measures are necessary to deal with certain problems, such as animal diseases, since they are treated as resources and, since they represent significant amounts of money, they cannot be ruled out unless that is absolutely necessary. Livestock also negatively affects the environment, especially that which is practiced at industrial levels.
According to a report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (whose acronym is FAO), livestock is the activity carried out by humans that causes the greatest impact on the planet. More than a third of the Earth is used for the production of grain for animal feed and more than a quarter for that of grass. Let’s not forget that farm animals also need to eat, and a lot, and to sustain this business, natural spaces are often destroyed, such as large ones. woods.
About 18% of greenhouse effect arise from livestock, and is directly related to acid rain. As if all this were not enough, practicing this activity consumes almost 10% of the world’s water every year, while so many people die of thirst or go to war to get a little more of this precious natural resource.
In more precise terms, it takes 20 thousand liters of water to produce just 1 kilogram of beef. On the other hand, livestock also carries contamination from water due to residues from animal feed, feces, fertilizers and pesticides, among other sources.