Listen is a verb that refers to the action of pay attention in something that is captured by the auditory sense. The word, which comes from Latin ascultāre, indicates that the person he appeals to the faculties of his hearing to hear what is said.

For instance: Can you turn the music down, please? I can’t listen to television », “I tried to listen to what Don Raúl told me as he passed by, but it was impossible”, «I give you some advice: dedicate yourself to listen more and speak less».


The ability to hear depends on the auditory system.

Hearing problems

The act of listening, therefore, is linked to the hearing and it contemplates a psychic and physiological framework that allows a person to hear.

There are several diseases that exist with respect to the sense of hearing and that revolve around the listening that people perform on those around them. Specifically, we can underline that deafness is the most common ailment and this consists of the difficulty or inability to use the ear due to the loss of hearing capacity.


Listening to music is an activity that many people enjoy.

Types of deafness

More exactly we can determine that there are two types of deafness. On the one hand, there is the partial one that is defined because the person in question who suffers from it and suffers has slightly lost the aforementioned hearing capacity and that means that, in most cases, it is necessary to use a hearing aid to improve this.

And secondly, we find the so-called complete deafness, also known as total deafness, which is what takes place when the person who is affected by it does not have the ability to hear anything at all.

It is interesting to emphasize that in order to know in depth the reality of people who are suffering from total hearing loss, there are high-quality films such as The Country of the Deaf. Specifically, this production is a documentary where it is shown in a very forceful way how deaf people live and how they relate well with the rest of society or with other citizens with whom they share this same disease.

The auditory system and the ability to listen

Human beings have a Auditive System which is divided into peripheral (made up of the various regions of the ear) and central (formed by the nerves responsible for hearing and the brain). The first is responsible for capturing sounds and sending the waves to the brain, while the second drives the psychological activity that completes perception.

When the ear receives a sound wave, it is responsible for transmitting it to the eardrum through the ear canal. The eardrum receives the wave and begins to vibrate, allowing bones to pick up the vibration and amplify the sound. The amplified sound then reaches the inner ear and mobilizes liquids that act on the hair cells, in charge of transforming the wave into a electrical impulse what happens through the auditory nerve and reaches the auditory cortex. Just there the human being manages to interpret the sound.