In order to fully understand the term librarianship that concerns us now, it is necessary to begin by discovering its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it is a word that derives from Greek, since it has been formed through the sum of several elements of that language:
-The noun “biblion”, which can be translated as “book”.
-The word “tekhe”, which is synonymous with “box” or “the space where it is stored”.
-The suffix “-logy”, which is used to indicate “science that studies”.
It is known as library science to discipline centered on the study of the different characteristics and properties of libraries. Sometimes the term is used as a synonym for librarianship, although the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) indicates that the latter concept refers specifically to the organization, management and maintenance of libraries.
It should be remembered that a library is an entity dedicated to purchase, storage, study and loan of books and other types of documents. The library science expert, known as librarian, is the professional whose function consists of the administration of these institutions.
Librarianship is part of the social Sciences and it is a multidisciplinary specialization. It covers different issues related to education, information and communication technologies (TIC), management tools and documentation preservation.
Among the many and diverse tasks carried out by the library science expert, we can highlight some such as the following:
-Collects all the information and documentation that is disordered and scattered to be able to classify, catalog and index it properly.
-In the same way, that professional can organize and manage all types of libraries, whether specific, general, documentation, public, private …
-Select the material with which you work based on the needs of the users.
-Attends, when necessary, the queries made by users.
-Administrates and organizes in the appropriate way what is the loan service of the diverse bibliographic material.
-It is in charge, in the same way, of designing the set of databases.
-Proceed to gather, care for and protect the different historical material that may be had. That happens by evaluating it properly, by making copies, by keeping it in the best conditions, by advising those who carry out studies on it …
Thanks to librarianship it is possible to create models and systems that allow organizing the information (documents and books), so that people have easy access to it.
One of the keys to library science is knowledge management. In recent decades, digitization has become a central issue in this science since it allowed to organize the data in a more efficient way. That is why today all libraries have databases that are digital and that can be consulted and managed through a computer (a computer).
Beyond the digital, library science also contemplates the organization and the classification of physical documents (books, newspapers, magazines).