Before entering fully into the meaning of the term legumes, we are going to proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case, we have to underline that it is a word that derives from Latin, specifically derived from “leguminosus”, which is the result of the sum of two lexical components of that language:
-The noun “legume, leguminis”, which can be translated as “legume”.
-The abundance suffix “-osus”.

This is how a certain type of plant.

LegumesLegumes belong to the group of angiosperms: is about phanerogams that develop the ovules enclosed in their carpels. As phanerogams, in turn, they have reproductive organs that can be seen in the form of flower, where fertilization takes place. Legumes, on the other hand, are considered dicotyledonous since his embryo it has two cotyledons.

It may be a Bush, a Herb, a bush or even a tree. Its leaves are usually compound and alternate, with flowers that are often yellowish. Another of the most salient characteristics of legumes is that they produce a fruit in legume, which grows in pod.

It is estimated that there are more than seven hundred genera of legumes distributed throughout most of the world.

It is important to know, in addition to all the above, that there are currently an estimated 19,000 species of legumes worldwide. However, among the best known and most significant are the following:
-The alfalfa, which is a plant that can reach up to 60 centimeters in height and it is recommended to cultivate it in territories with cold climates. It is considered to be very rich in vitamins and iron, for example.
-The peanut, which is identified by its yellowish stem and because it can reach a height of up to 80 centimeters. It is sown in spring and is indicated for areas where there is a warm climate.
-The pea, which is a plant rich in fiber and protein. It is part of the so-called climbing legumes and its sowing is ideal in places where it is moderately cold.
-The chickpea, which is a legume that can reach 50 centimeters in height and has rounded pods where you can find around two or three seeds.

Broad beans, lentils, beans or soybeans are other of the best known legumes.

Thanks to legumes, they constitute a very important component of the diet of the human being because they contain high levels of fibers, carbohydrates and proteins.

Beyond food, legumes are also used by the man to get rubbers (as in the case of the Acacia senegal) and colorants (Indigofera suffruticosa) and for ornamental purposes (Erythrina crista-galli).

In the field of farming and the cattle raising, finally, legumes such as alfalfa and various kinds of clover They are beneficial to improve soil quality and to nourish sheep and cattle (optimizing reproductive efficiency and increasing meat and milk production due to their properties).