Leader, of English leader, is a person who acts as a guide or leader of a group. So that your leadership be effective, the rest of the members must recognize their capabilities.
For instance: “I need a leader within this team”, “We all did our part to win, but we have to admit that we would not have done it without our leader”.
The leader has the power to influence in other subjects. Their behavior or their words are able to motivate the members of a group to work together for a common goal.
According to his way of exercising the leadership of the team, the leader can be considered authoritarian (makes decisions without giving explanations about it), democratic (allows everyone to have an opinion and decides by consensus) or laissez faire (He is the liberal leader, one with a passive behavior that delegates power to others).
Leadership by type of influence
Another classification of leaders is made according to the influence they have on their subordinates: the Leader charismatic gets to modify the values, beliefs and attitudes of his followers (historical figures such as Adolf hitler or Juan Domingo Peron are considered within this group); the Leader transactionalInstead, it limits itself to providing the resources it considers valid for the group.
It is worth mentioning that a group of human beings cannot be born and flourish in which nobody assumes the role leader, however subtle his performance. All people need a certain degree of organization in their life, and for this it is essential that there is a guide, someone who makes or evaluates important decisions and who keeps their colleagues encouraged and focused on a goal, so that they do not get lost. the sense of union. From a small group of friends to an entire country, they all rely on one system hierarchical And, although at first glance they may seem disparate examples, in both cases the role of leader is more difficult to maintain than to achieve.
Traits of a successful leader
Some of the most important characteristics of every successful leader are: that Knows how to listen to the other members of your group; who approaches each of them and takes the time to get to know them well, paying special attention to their needs; that he does not show himself as an all-powerful master, but rather tries to give each one a space, so that everyone feels that they are part of the decisions; that he knows how to learn from his mistakes and that he is not afraid of change, since in it resides the secret of his continuity in the role.
The guide’s choice methodology can lead to formal leaders (who are chosen by a organization) or informal leaders (they emerge from the group itself). An example of a formal leader is the captain of a soccer team chosen after a vote in which all his teammates participate. An informal leader, on the other hand, could be the student who, in a study group, promotes actions spontaneously.
The concept in computing
In the field of software development there is a job title called Lead Programmer, What does it mean Lead developer and it is used in English even in Spanish-speaking countries.
Whoever assumes this role must be in charge of one or more teams of programmers, and among his possible obligations is the supervision of the work carried out by others, giving advice and offering his help to solve any problem that may arise throughout the life of each project. It is worth mentioning that he does not always fulfill the function of a programmer itself, but often uses his knowledge and experience to successfully achieve the objectives proposed by his superiors.